Mihintale, Sri Lanka: tourist information, photo
General information about Mikindani
Mihintale (Mihintale) is a popular tourist attraction (the ruins and the temple) in 12 kilometers East of the ancient capital of Sri Lanka - Anuradhapura (Mikindani on the map of Sri Lanka). Its main attraction is a mountain range called Mihintale or "mountain of Mahinda", also called Missaka of Pabbata (Missaka Pabbata), Lives of Pabbata (Cetiya Pabbata), or Lives of the Weights (Cetiya Giri). It includes three hills: the Mango plateau (Ambastala), Royal hill (Rajagiri), Elephant mountain (Anaikutti or Floor of Vejer). Mikindani is very popular not only among tourists but also among the adherents of Buddhism. In June this place is becoming a major religious center, where pilgrims (all dressed in white) to celebrate Poson Poya (day of the birth of Buddhism in Sri Lanka). It is believed that it was originated here and has spread throughout the country, Buddhism. Tourists often combine a visit to Mihintale with Anuradhapura, and some even believe that this place is more interesting than its popular neighbor.
By itself, the town of mihintale, which is located near the mountains, no tourist no interest. It's a small town with no tourist infrastructure. The only one hotel here (Hotel Mihintale), so don't expect to stay here overnight. For this it is better to choose a hotel in Anuradhapura.
According to ancient legend, in 247 BC king Devanampiya Tissa (Devanampiya Tissa, St. 307-267 BC) met Mahinda (Mahinda) – Buddhist and the son of the Indian Emperor Ashoka. As a result of this meeting the king was impressed with the sense of a new religion, and himself became a Buddhist, spreading and consolidating it as the main around the island. In honor of this event on the mountaintop was built by the first Buddhist monastery and pagoda (Dagoba) Mahaseya (Maha Saya), which bricked the hair of the Buddha himself. So it really was or not, but here today trying to get a and touch the history of ancient religions of the world, to feel the atmosphere of this sacred place.
It is considered that the main sights of mihintale are on top of it, but it is not so. Perhaps that is why most of the tourists, rising to the top, after seeing the pagoda and the scenic surroundings from a bird's flight, leaving a bit disappointed. But the interesting sights are not only on the mountain but around. Because of mihintale is a huge complex, which includes many old ruins of a Dagoba, caves, ponds, and during a walk through the jungle you can find many monkeys. Overall, there is a view on that, and on a full inspection of all sites will go for less than half of the day. If you are traveling by yourself, you can hire a guide, which are sometimes very obsessive offer their services for 500 rupees at the foot of the mountain.
Climbing the mountain of mihintale is quite difficult, and to master it, not everyone. After all, the mountain is 305 meters and to get to the top, will have to overcome 1840 steps. Therefore, it is best to start the ascent early in the morning, not yet too hot, stock up on plenty of water and bring socks (to walk around the complex will have barefoot). But there is a way to look at Mikindani and without such time-consuming recovery. To do this, you should use the upper Parking lot (on the map) that will shorten your path almost twice, however you miss a few uninteresting minutes. But almost near the Parking area there are 68 caves, ruins Madumarova, and the Mango plateau, where, and is the goal of all pilgrims and tourists. You can get there like on a motorcycle and passenger car or minivan. Hiking the ascent from the foot of the mountain from the lower Parking areas are typically only used by pilgrims and believers (the lower Parking on the map).
Entrance fee in mikindani: visit the greater part of the complex of mihintale free. To pay 500 rupees will only for the entrance to the Mango plateau (Ambasthala).
A visit to Mihintale was one of the most memorable in Sri Lanka. Even those promoted Dambulla and Sigiriya gave me the same impression as Mihintale. It may, of course, it happened because we visited this place almost at the beginning, but whatever it was, I remember, and reviewing photos of mihintale with some special feeling. Most interesting is that the most memorable not just of the Mango plateau, and somehow black pond. It was so quiet, calm and beautiful and somehow it all mystically that didn't want to leave.
To avoid the crowds, we woke up very early in the morning, still dark, and came to the mountain, when there was no sale of tickets. Had to pay after we visited the plateau and returned to the Parking lot where we left our motorbike. While examined, the crowds did not see, although they may arrive late, at 12 o'clock, and we descended from the plateau hours to have 8. The mango plateau is interesting and well worth a visit, and be sure to climb to the top "submarine" (the Rock of Invitation). There you can enjoy supervid the area, and it's worth 500 rupees for the input and time spent. The rise, by the way, a real extreme, all pretty dangerous. But that does not stop anyone, and when I was down, saw a little old Granny pulled up a group of assistants. Can't even imagine how it's next raised to the top, didn't begin to wait, but there really difficult and dangerous to climb.
When it left, made a stop near the hospital. From a distance the hospital is a pile of stones, but really suggest you go to the bathroom and look at it carefully. Her bottom so clearly follows the shape of the body, even visible to the priest :-).
Orientation in mikindani, tips for inspection
The complex the ruins of Mihintale is a fairly large area, and walk to explore going to be quite hard and long. If you ask to see only the most basic, you can only rise to the upper Parking area, where on inspection you will spend 1-2 hours. For access to the attractions of the plateau will need to buy entrance ticket for 500 rupees (refer to the Currency of Sri Lanka, the exchange rate). In principle, willing to see this through is not worth it, and if you have lack of time, you can only do Mangrove plateau.
Other sights of mihintale is available for free, but they are scattered quite far from each other. If to move between them on foot, will take almost half a day. If we make a path between them in transport, on the whole inspection will take 2-3 hours. Of course, the sights along the stairs are only accessible on foot. Not to say that these places unprecedented interesting, but that they are visited by so few tourists, making them very attractive. So if you have a couple extra hours, we recommend you to visit them. To the "black water Pond", Monastery Indicator Seiya, Caves Rajagiriya, Hospital, very close by car or motorbike. Vehicles can be parked along the road, Parking lots there.
Plan your route in Mikindani will help you a brief description and pictures of individual places and our interactive map of Mikindani.
The mango plateau (Ambasthala)
The mango plateau - the place where the most important sights of mihintale. It is a platform where in the centre there is a Stupa Ambasthale (Ambasthala Dagoba), it is the main hill of mihintale – Aradhana Gala (Aradhana Gala), to the left is a statue of the Buddha (Buddha Statue), on the right the Stupa of Maha SEIA (Mahaseya Dagoba).
Access to the plateau pay - 500 rupees. Tickets are sold directly on the street with a tray. Before entering the plateau need to remove your shoes, and you can leave it in the storage room on the left. The mango plateau on the map.
Stupa AmbasthaleAmbasthale stupa (Dagoba Ambasthala, Sila Cetiya) (on the map) erected on the spot where king Devanampiya Tissa met with Mahinda. In front of the Stupa is a statue of king, set on the very spot where he first saw Mahinda. Built Ambasthale Kutakanna king Tissa (42-20 St. BC).
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- on the map) – sacred to every Buddhist mountain, it is Mahinda read his sermons. Climbing up and down the mountain, be especially careful as the steps carved in the rock over time, almost smooth, very narrow and in some places they simply do not. Closer to the top of the slope becomes more extreme, so an inexperienced person and afraid of heights, go up is not worth it. In rainy weather, the steps become quite slippery. However, for such a difficult climb you'll be rewarded with stunning and picturesque views of the surrounding area.
- on the map) the historic of no interest (it was built in 1995), but the environment looks impressive.
- on the map) – the white stupa on the hill, the biggest in mikindani, its construction belongs to king Mahadathika Mahanaga (9-21 St. G.). In a Mortar, according to legend, is immured Buddha's hair. For it is the Stupa of Mahinda (Mihindu Seya) (on the map), which houses the remains of Mahinda. This stupa built by king Uttiya (D. 267-257 BC). Midway between the stupas is a small active temple, and the site offers panoramic views of the surrounding countryside, and even in the distance you can see some of the stupas of Anuradhapura.
The Monastery Madumarova (Medamaluwa Monastery)
Descended from Stupas Kantaka Lives down the South staircase, you will find yourself on a large platform, where the right will be the upper Parking lot (here, as a rule, bring organized groups of tourists). About this place is selling the entry tickets.
At this level, around are the ruins of the Monastery Madumarova (Medamaluwa Monastery), which includes Trapezous (The Refectory), the Hall of relics (The Relic House), a Place of Assembly (Assembly Hall), Lion lake (Sinha Pokuna) (on the map).
Lion pond View photos in 3DThe lion's pond (Sinha Pokuna). (on the map) a little ahead will have Sinha Pokuna. At the base of a small stone reservoir, visible in the figure of a lion standing on its hind legs in full size. Hence the name of the reservoir - Lion. The chute installed on the side of the tank, it acted like water out of a pond Naked Pokuna and poured through the lion's mouth. In the upper part of the plate you can see a frieze of figures of dancers, lions, and musicians. Intended Lion pond, no matter how banal, for swimming. From the mouth of a lion spurting water, which, in fact, was an ablution. Before the reservoir are the remains of three buildings, probably the monks ' cells.
The refectory or Hall of alms View photos in 3DThe refectory or Hall of alms (The Refectory, Alms hall, Bath Ge, Dana Salawa). (on the map) when I got back and after going to the right, will be back to Trapeznoj. Interest are two gutters, more – for of rice, smaller ones for spices, which were intended for alms to the monks. On the right the remains of the aqueduct by which water was supplied with Naked Pokuna located in the centre of the building swimming pool. For the maintenance of the monks there existed a large staff of employees.
The hall of relics View photos in 3DThe hall of relics (The Relic House, Da Ge). (on the map) a Little above the Refectory is a Hall of relics. Two of the surviving plates contain inscriptions about the categories of civil servants, rules of conduct and duties of local inhabitants. And there were many. Besides the monks, there lived personnel performing different kinds of work, and monastic inheritance consisted only of prayer and meditation. Before entering the Hall of relics can be seen carved in stone containers for the washing of the feet. Built by king Mahinda IV (Mahinda IV, St. 975-991 G.).
The meeting place View photos in 3DPlace of Assembly (Sannipata Sala, Sannipata Salava, Assembly Hall). (on the map) Near the Hall of relics is a meeting-Place for monks, where they discussed all the significant Medamulana Monastery (Monastery Medamaluwa) questions and implemented the sermon. On the dais in the center was a senior monk. Of the 64 columns previously supporting the roof, there are very few.
From the ruins of the Place of Assembly (Assembly Hall) to the East starts the staircase leading to the Mango plateau (Ambasthala).
The Cave Of Mahinda (Mihindu Guhava, Mihindu Cave)
Following in the path between the Mortar and the Rock Ambasthale Invitations, a narrow path will lead to the Mahinda Cave (the cave on the map), where he lived and meditated. Here you can see the so-called bed Mahinda flat rock slab.
A long staircase leading from the lower Parking lot to the top of the mountain Mihintale (plateau on Mango), a total of has 1840 steps, and it is not continuous. Half way through it goes to ground with Mortar Kantaka Lives, then continues to the ruins of the Monastery Medamulana and ends at the Mango plateau. Throughout the lift, the staircase is protected by a huge evergreen trees that in some way smooths out the impression of hard work in a pleasant way.
Stupa Kantaka Lives (Kantaka Chetiya)
The first flight of stairs ends with an unknown speed to the right, a narrow staircase leads up to the Stupa Kantaka Lives. You can get to it from the upper Parking area. It was built in the II century BC and is one of the oldest buildings. Stupa has a three-form and four rectangular wall on each side of the light. These walls are decorated with a frieze of dwarfs, geese, plants, lions and elephants. Preserved in the form of a stupa has a base of about 40 m in diameter, a height of about 12 m (was at least 30 m). The Eastern and southern sides of the wall are preserved much better.
Built Kantaka Lives was near monastic caves, where dwelt the monks.
Southwest Kantaka Lives a pile of huge boulders, and behind them stretches a ridge of the 68 caves. They were built by king Devanampiya Tissa (Devanampiya Tissa) for prayers and meditations of the monks who lived in the complex of mihintale.
Hospital Veda Sala (Hospital Veda Sala)
The ruins of an ancient hospital for the monks located at the foot of the mountain. It was built by king Sena II (Sena II) and consisted of several rooms, including a sauna, medical rooms, a pharmacy, rooms for patients, stone bathroom. Today, there are ruins and look like as nothing, but the place is historically significant.
Pond Cobra (Naga Pokuna)
To the West of the Stupa of Maha SEIA down the stairs - pond Cobra, which is a natural pond filled with rain water during the rainy season. The edge of the Pond perimeter lined with stones, and a rock inscribed with the image pathology Cobra with open hood. According to ancient legend, here bathed Mahinda. However, the purpose of the reservoir is not only that. Its main value lies in the well-planned irrigation system of the whole complex of Mihintale. Long stone troughs water from the Naga Pokuna Pond did on the lower tiers of mihintale, in particular, to the Refectory and to Singh Pocone.
Museum Mihintale (Mihintale Museum)
After about a hundred meters on the crossroad from the opposite side of the road, seen the Museum Mihintale. A bit further to the South-East can be seen the ruins with staggered five buildings, possibly monastery.
Hill Et Vejer (Eth Vehera, Anaikutti)
Et of Vejer is the highest hill of mihintale. It is located in the South-West of the pond Naked Pokuna and contains the ruins of the monastery at Vejer (stupa of the Elephant). From the hilltop offers stunning views of the countryside. However, you will have to overcome a difficult climb to the top of that order for the tired tourist is a dubious pleasure.
Royal hill (Rajagiri Kanda)
In the Western part of the Mihintale on the other side of the road, Kandy-Jaffna there is a small hill called the Royal. On its top are the remains of a former monastery, considered the first Buddhist monks settlement. Numerous rock formations on the hill at the time were monastic cells.
A pond of black water (Kaludiya Pokuna)
Across the road from king of the hill is an artificial reservoir. The origin of its name – a Pond of black water, connected with the legend according to which a monk continuously and earnestly prayed for 24 hours, sitting under the black tree that grew near the pond. From this ritual the water in the pond turned black. This is particularly evident when the sun rose is still not very high.
A pond of black water surrounded by several ruins: monastic buildings, the meeting hall, a stupa, a small temple on the islet, caves for meditation (and in our days monks come here for prayers). The construction dates back to the reign of king Mahinda IV (975-991 G. Ave.).
The Monastery Indicator Seiya (Indikatu Seya Monastery)
The remains of the monastery with a couple of Dagoba, framed by a circle of basalt rock, located West of the Kandy-Jaffna and visible from the road.
How to get to Mihintale
Mihintale is located 14 kilometers East of Anuradhapura, on the way to Trincomalee, so it's best to get here from Anuradhapura. Mikindani almost never visit in isolation from Anuradhapura. With a new bus station Anuradhapura constantly in the daytime go by local bus. Cost about 30 rupees, with a journey time of 20 minutes. From other cities of Sri Lanka Mihintale to also have to get through Anuradhapura. Also there is a railway station Mihintale (not to be confused with Mihintale Junction), where you can drive from Anuradhapura train, but the train runs only on Saturdays and Sundays is from 15 rupees to 30 minutes.
Taxi to Mihintale from Anuradhapura (there and back) ride for 1400 rupees, a tuk-tuk for about RS 1000.
Photos Of Mihintale
- Stupa Kantaka Lives
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- Lion pond
- The ruins of the hospital
The refectory or Hall of alms
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- The refectory or Hall of alms
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- The hall of relics
- Dagoba Mihintale
- Aradhana Gala
- Buddha Statue
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- Statue of king Devanampiya Tissa
- Black pond
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