Karadag nature reserve and Golden gate
Karadag (Kara-Dag) – geological and biosphere reserve in the South-East of the Crimea Peninsula on the Black sea coast. Located near Feodosiya, East of the village Koktebel (Koktebel and village Resort, see the map). This is one of the most popular tourist spots in the area resorts in Feodosiya, and here is one of the tourist symbols of the region – rock "Golden Gate". Visit in Hiking, marine or mixed tours.
The whole territory of the reserve is an ancient geological fragment of an extinct volcano Jurassic of Kara - Dag. The stormy life of the volcano was probably 130-150 million years ago. Volcanic massif and now bears traces of lomoobrazovanija and centuries of weathering that has created the unique beauty of the mountains and coastline. It is the slopes of the Elm, Kok-Kaya, hoba-Tepe and the remains of reefs - ridge syuryu-Kai, tops Bally-Kai and Lehener. The depths of the Karadag preserve the gems of Jasper and heliotrope, agate, and rock crystal, lemon citrine and purple amethyst, carnelian and chalcedony.
The reserve is on land 2065 ha and in the sea of 810 ha. the maximum height of the Karadag mountain – a Holy mountain - 576м. Business card of the reserve is considered arched rock "Golden Gate", although it is an old Tatar name sounds like "devil's gate" (the Shaitan - Kapu).
The first serious research here began with 1914. Moscow physician neurologist Viazemsky Terence Ivanovich created personally for scientific research (there is now, and from here start trekking tour). In 1977, project Vyazemsky in the Bay-built research center of human interaction with the animals – sea lions and bottlenose dolphins. In 1979 the territory of the Karadag officially received the status of a national Park.
The fauna of the reserve is about 5 million species, of which 540 species listed in the Red book and the European endangered species list. In water areas and on the slopes of the reserve settle permanently or for flight 238 bird species and 1,800 species of butterflies. On Karadag, it is often possible to meet wild boars and foxes, ROE deer, Martens, squirrels, hares and hedgehogs and snakes.
In the landscapes of the reserve observed a unique combination of forest-steppe, steppe and Mediterranean flora. Here together for hundreds of years are rare junipers and pistachios, filled with Jasmine flowers and ferns, and treeless slopes are covered with rare lichens and mosses, terrestrial herbs.
🕐 Working time: tours of the reserve are organized at a certain time several times a day. It is best to check the time and agree on the visit by phone +7-36562-26-287; or E-mail email@example.com. Performance in the Dolphinarium at 11:00 and 15:00.
💵 Entrance fee / ticket price: trail T. I. Vyazemsky – 200/100 rubles; ecological trail "Great Karadag" - 600/400 rubles; Museum 100/50 rubles; the Dolphinarium is 300/150 roubles; tours – from 800 rubles.
How to visit how to get there: the Reserve Karadag is located between the popular resorts of Koktebel and Kurortne. It is forbidden to visit independent, because it is a protected area.
The easiest way to visit the group tours that you can buy not only in the resorts of Feodosiya, but in any other resort of the Peninsula. The price of 800 rubles. There is an option of boat trips and mixed (so-called "marine"). Both tours are conducted only during the period from March to October, while only foot are held all year round.
Sea excursion more simple for everybody. It includes a voyage by boat along the coast of Karadag nature reserve by the Golden gate, disembark and swim on the beach of a Quiet Bay. Start boat from the beaches of Koktebel and Kurortne. During storm warnings excursions are canceled.
During the tour, "Marine" you are floating on a boat along the coast and past the Golden gate and landed at the biological station in the village of Spa, and make a wonderful trekking trip through the reserve, and you end up in Koktebel. Walk trekking is done in organized groups of tourists, which are formed and depart from the station (see below). The route does not require any special physical training, but it lasts 4 hours and 7 miles, so not recommended for elderly and people with health problems. Monday Hiking tours are not conducted.
Alone in the Karadag nature reserve (walking tour)
If sailing along the coast you are not very interested, then we can organize a walk in Karadag and independently, however, still have to join an organized tour group, which will start at the biological station. The station is the headquarters of the reserve, located in the town of Spa (the station on the map). Here are the Museum of Karadag Dolphinarium. You can get there by bus from Feodosia and Koktebel, and from the centre of the village Resort on foot. From Feodosiya here with the final stop of local transport (see transport in Feodosia, and end on the map) approximately every 20 minutes from the bus number 101 Feodosiya-biological Station, goes through the Koktebel and finishes movement at the entrance to the biological station. Costs 24 rubles. By taxi, you can negotiate for 600 rubles one way per car.
The biological station offers two routes:
Ecological trail "Great Karadag".
Length - 7 miles, 4 hours, the end point in Koktebel. Cost 300 rubles adults / 150 children. Monday – day off. In bad weather, rain, wind, heat of over 30 degrees tour is not carried out. Must bring drinking water, hat, comfortable shoes.
Groups are formed at certain times of the day, so you can't just come and join the tour. It is best to confirm the time and arrange your visit by phone +7-36562-26-287; or E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
Ecological trail by T. I. Vyazemsky
It is more a simple route and suitable for older people. The length is 1, 5 km, 45 minutes. Starts and ends at the biological station. The cost of 100 rubles for adults and 50 for children. Monday – day off. Groups are also formed in a certain time, and must be confirmed visit.