Feodosiya's Genoese fortress Kafa

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Крепость Кафа, Феодосия Fortress Kafa

Feodosiya's Genoese fortress – a monument of ancient history and the slave trade of the black sea. This is the most famous and interesting historical landmark, Feodosia. One of its towers is the tower of Constantine, is the city's symbol and is depicted on its coat of arms.

Genoese fortress Kafa is one of the most powerful fortifications in Europe. His design consisted of two walls, which protected almost 70 hectares of land. In the architecture of Feodosia from antiquity have not survived absolutely nothing, as she fell from the invasion of the Huns in the IV century.

The ruins in XIII-XIV centuries there was a city Cafe, which was 200 years in the possession of the Genoese. Fortifications, remains of which have survived, built in the Italian style. Allowed to build a city that Genoese merchants succeeded in 1226 to negotiate the ruins of the Oran-Timur – Turkish Khan. Cafe has quickly become a major transit centre for trade and the center of the colonies of Genoa in the black sea. Using this item has been export to Europe wheat, Oriental spices, precious stones and gold. Kafa was also a center of slave trade in the black sea region, as in the time of the Genoese, and during the later Turkish occupation. The population of the city amounted to many ethnic groups: Greeks, Armenians, Italians, Bulgarians, Jews, Ukrainians, Tatars, Karaites.

In the Cafe, there were close to 20 million homes, more than 100 mosques and churches, fountains, had a system of drainage wells, caves and pools, the remains of which are discovering even now. The administrative center was located in the inner part of the fortifications.

One of the most tragic events in the history of medieval Europe – the plague epidemic of 1347-1351 was caused by Kafa. During her siege of the Golden Horde among the troops plague broke out, they began to shift to catapult the bodies through the walls of the city. The Genoese fled from the sickness of the sea, but wherever they stopped on the way, there were foci of plague. The result is a terrible disease claimed a quarter of Europe's population in that period, about 75 million people.

Today, the fortress in Feodosia there is not too much, since a large part of the ancient fortifications of the city were dismantled for building material in the nineteenth century local residents. Walking around the neighborhoods nearby can see private fences and houses built of ancient masonry. In good condition till our days are the ruins of two towers of the bridge, several churches and Turkish baths. Preserved objects are scattered in the southern part of the city, and start from standing alone Tower of Constantine in Jubilee Park, and the main surviving part of the fortifications is located at the South-East of the city.

How to see: to See the fortress best guides which will tell in detail the story and draw attention to the most interesting part of the fortress. However, a group tour or excursion at the electric vehicle includes only the most basic remnants. If you want to see everything, including rarely visited by tourists, it is best to arm themselves with a map and walk the streets of the old town. A fee for access to any unit of the fortress do not charge. All the surviving monuments of the fortress is marked on our map of Feodosiya with the sights.

💵 Entrance fee / ticket price: free

🕐 Time of work: round the clock, but see better in the daytime

🚶 How to get there: the monuments of the fortress scattered over the southern part of the city (marked on our map of Feodosiya with the sights). Access to the main ruins (the main ruins on the map) by bus No. 1 and 2A to the end "city hospital", further on foot.

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Photo of the fortress of Feodosiya

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Comments / recent posts on the topic on the forum
of Nasta May 2, 2017
Hello friends! Tell me in Feodosia nice beach and hotel with the kids. Where better to stay to the sand and entertainment for children nearby. ...
admin May 2, 2017

Hello! IMHO, a place in Feodosia no. I have their children in Feodosia no luck. If children go to the Crimea, my choice - only Evpatoria, or alternatively Azov sea in Schelkino. At least in Yalta for a few days to have fun, but not for a beach holiday, I think for children it is not. This is my point of view on a beach holiday in the Crimea, it is not imposed on anyone, you asked. ...
of Nadezhda May 4, 2017
In vain you so about will Feodosia. I like it there, and the kids like it too be. There is a very good Golden beach outside the city, for those who like the sand. ...
admin May 4, 2017

Hope, Theodosius I also like, in some sense, but that doesn't mean she will love the children. Of course, children often unassuming and warm sea has enough for happiness. But the question was, where the sand nearby, and entertainment. But the entertainment on the Golden beach and close by for the children just did not. Rest in Feodosia and go to rest on a sandy beach on a crowded bus, who go by the way very unstable and rare, not very nice. You can take a taxi, but it is not affordable for everyone. And in this case, the question arises, why, then, to rest in such a place, if on the beach will have to travel by bus or taxi. For me it's not a vacation. So I in Evpatoria. There is a beach in the center and much perepolneny in the season, but you can even walk to the outskirts to walk, and there is much more room on the beaches. ...
May 7, 2017

Theodosius the great at any time of the year.To have fun here not worse , than in Yalta.It's may , the weather here much better than in the highlands, in Feodosia yesterday was 26градусов and the sun , and in Sudak and Alushta is 15 and the clouds, the water is now 17 degrees but the week will warm up to 20 .The gorgeous beaches. And not really that good a beach it is necessary to take a taxi, settle close to the black sea promenade, the best beach there.All the campers who have something to compare, who rested in the Crimea , returned to Feodosia, and say that here is better.View a map of where the clean water in the Crimea, and everyone will understand where to go . ...
Girl 3 July, 2017
In Feodosia was last year, went for 4 days, at the beginning of the vacation, my husband there as a child rested here and missed)))) In principle, would put a solid 3, the sea is warm, for children it is good that the sand...but the sand sbatella on the bottom and everything! dirty water like...and the rails on the promenade, even scared baby alone to go get ice cream, rarely, but there are passing trains. Rented a house on the street Russian, it is convenient, but the room is tiny, at the end of August 1000R room, right was a huge kitchen and 2 showers at our disposal, the owner is very good)))...actually would not go there definitely, Yes, for children on the promenade there are rides, if interested))) And the food is not like any one cafe, dear tried, the average check - not like the food. In General, stayed and went faster on 2 weeks in my town!! Well, there is nothing better than her!!! This is my opinion, anyone that of course. ...
SNK 5 July, 2017
This year checkpoint on the road in a Quiet Bay is still running? Or at the request of tourists entry is already free? Very convenient to access the beach by car. ...
admin July 5, 2017

PPC still works and Park on site Parking, fine. Although you can pass other paths bypassing the checkpoint, I wouldn't, because the Rangers or I don't know how they go Commission, photographed the vehicles and issue fines, then send in the mail. But at the checkpoint are allowed to drive to camp on the beach for unloading/loading, and then return and leave the car near the checkpoint in the Parking lot. ...
Finn 6 July, 2017
They is there a law that took that car closer than a hundred meters from the sea impossible. ...
Yuri 10 July, 2017
The trail along the Kara-Dag is not 300 rubles, and 600, and it is not the reserve has been... ...