General information about the resort
Sukhum (Sukhum as Sukhumi) is a Spa town and the capital of Abkhazia. By Russian standards, Sukhum is a small city both in size and population (about 65 thousand people), but it is the largest city in the country, the political and cultural capital. Sukhumi is located on the black sea shore in the Central part of the country 115 kilometers from the border with Russia (Sukhumi on the map of Abkhazia).
It is believed that this is one of the oldest cities in the world, since the first settlements here appeared in the ancient stone age in the era of the lower Paleolithic, i.e. about 300 thousand years ago. Studied the history of the city dates back more than 2500 years, but, unfortunately, almost none of the historical monuments of that time remained.
In our guide to Sukhum you will find everything you need for independent travel or vacation at this resort. If you prefer an organized tour, you can find and book tours in Abkhazia, including a deferred payment, the following checked services online search and booking of tours, or by using the search box:
- Tours to Abkhazia on Level.Travel
- Tours to Abkhazia Travelata.ru
- Tours to Abkhazia for the Onlinetours.tu
Stay in Sukhum
Sukhumi is a major resort town and beach location. There is a perception that further New Athos tourist life in Abkhazia no. Moreover, this opinion sometimes impose themselves citizens of Abkhazia, working in tourism. So, every resort of Gagra since they are telling vacationers, that on their city of complete devastation, you go there and don't need. So really not a lot of tourists from Russia reached the capital, but in vain. But really Sukhumi – one of the most developed and comfortable for the tourists cities. There is a cozy clean downtown, in our opinion the cleanest place in the country. The promenade of Sukhum also unlike embankments on other resorts in the country doesn't look dilapidated, it is a lot of fun and all kinds of tourist infrastructure. Boasts Sukhum and good beaches in the city, and great beaches on the outskirts. As elsewhere in Abkhazia, the beaches are mainly pebbled, but there are mixed sand and pebble. A detailed overview of the beaches of Sukhum here...
Infrastructure the city also developed perfectly, if you compare it with other resorts in the country. There are shops, restaurants, cafes, canteens, pharmacies, public transportation, in General, all that you need for everyday life. In Sukhum operates two theaters, the only one in the entire country. Specifically for travelers works selling excursions on the beaches represented by water and children's entertainment. In the evenings you can stroll along the promenade or one of the parks.
Housing and hotels in Sukhumi, where to stay
Accommodation options in Sukhum very much, no problem to find a budget guest house or apartments for families, and there are even a few hotels that amount to four and five stars. The prices are lower than at other resorts located close to the border with Russia. Read more about hotels and areas in Sukhum, where to stay, here...
To book accommodation in advance through the following systems for finding and booking hotels:
- Search hotels in Sukhum on Agoda.com
- To search for homes and hotels in Sukhum on Booking.com
- To search for homes and hotels in Sukhum on Hotellook.com
- To search for accommodation in Sukhum on Airbnb and get a bonus of 2100 rubles for first booking
- To search for accommodation in Sukhum on Daily.ru
Search and book hotels in Sukhum
Weather and tourist seasons in Sukhumi, when to go
The tourist season is theoretically in Sukhum lasts from may to October, but not really at any time in this period is to go on vacation.
- May. Although the first tourists appear here in may, the weather from season to season at this time can be unpredictable. Even if the temperature is comfortable, the sea is still too cold for comfortable swimming. Also, not all tourism infrastructure works at this time, many tourism establishments still preparing to open.
- Jun. In June, the sea begins to warm up, and in the second half of the month to swim comfortably even for children.
- In July and August. The best time. But the prices of this period rise, on the beaches tourists will be significantly longer.
- In September and October. End the holiday season and school holidays, tourists leave, prices fall, the velvet season begins. But the weather is still warm even in the evenings until the beginning of October. In the second half of October it's getting chilly.
Seasons in Sukhumi months, when is the best time to go
* best time to visit;
appropriate time to visit;
not a recommended time to visit
Current weather in Sukhumi and forecast
Sights and activities in Sukhum
Despite the enthusiastic descriptions of the attractions of Sukhum, which appear on the sites of travel agencies on the Internet, in fact, objectively there are not very many interesting places. Attractions in the city can be counted literally on the fingers, unless, of course, not to classify them each monument or sculpture. And the historical places here at all, except that the ruins of the fortress, which in fact has nothing left. Mandatory places which are worth visiting – Botanical garden, monkey house and national Museum. And Sukhumi is not only the political but also the cultural capital of the country, and here you can visit one of the two theatres and even the Philharmonic.
All other interesting sights are outside the city, and as in any resort city of the country, from here you can go on trips anywhere in Abkhazia. Most popular trips: lake Ritsa national reserve, Novy Afon, Valley of Seven lakes, lake Si, Hot springs, Lupski falls, and many others. Tours can be everywhere from distributors on the streets or in the few travel agencies.
How to get to Sukhumi, transport
Sukhum is located 115 kilometers from the border with Russia, and this is one of the most remote resort towns in Abkhazia (Sukhumi on the map of Abkhazia). Further it is only rarely visited by the tourists from Russia, the city of Ochamchira. Despite the fact that it is the capital, and there is even a airport, to get to Sukhum is possible only by land by bus, train or car. The citizens of Russia to the best route to Sukhumi from Russia via the Psou checkpoint on the internal passport (without using export). If you arrive in Abkhazia on foreign passport, it will bear the mark about crossing of border of Russia-Abkhazia that can bring serious problems when visiting Georgia in the following (see more about this How to get to Abkhazia). If you want to get here officially through Georgia, the entrance is possible only by foreign passport after obtaining appropriate permits.
The closest passenger airport located in Adler (Sochi). It runs a lot of flights from the Russian regions, including the great rates offered with a transfer in Moscow airports, but it is better to buy tickets in advance because during high season (summer) rates increase. From the airport of Sukhum will have to get a transfer on the bus (until the Psou checkpoint on the city No. 173, after crossing the border by taxi for 250 rubles) or taxi.
On the train ride from Moscow, St. Petersburg, Belgorod, Samara, Rostov-on-don, Krasnodar, Belorechensk. If in your area there is no train, you can take the train to railway station of Adler, and there take the train or the bus to Sukhum or other resorts. Schedule and cost of tickets for trains can be found on the official website of the Railways or here.
Read more about all the ways how and what to get to Sukhum on their own, here...
Where to eat in Sukhum, food
In Sukhum quite a lot of food service establishments, tourist cafes, kebab. Budget the whole family can eat in the dining room network "Sat-ate". These two canteens-one near the promenade on Kalmykov St., the other on Eshba St. 164 almost at the outskirts of the city. Other establishments along the waterfront is more expensive and is designed more for tourists than on the family institution. Of course, no global network "McDonald's" or "Burger king" you will not find here.
If you're live in guest house with kitchen, or rent an apartment, you can cook yourself. But as of 2018, we were able to find there is only one supermarket "Sukhumi" on the street Eshba, 166. It is located far from the center, it will have to go by trolley buses №1 and №3, routes and buses №1, №12. In the city centre, guests can buy groceries at the small grocery stores and markets, of which there are many.
Shopping in Sukhum
Sukhum, Abkhazia as overall, not the best place for shopping. In fact, in addition to local Souvenirs, wine and chacha, honey, here to buy something. Prices on most products and manufactured goods are higher than in Russia.
nevertheless, if you need to buy something in Sukhum, problems with it will not arise. The main shopping point in town is the Central market (market on the map). To buy at the market anything is possible, but what's really worth to visit it – it's fresh, local fruit, meat, and other products, as well as the atmosphere. More "civilized" trade takes place in the biggest shopping Mall and supermarket Sukhum, but what is bad, it is on the far outskirts of the city on the street Eshba, 166, it will have to go (the supermarket on the map). Other major supermarkets and shopping centers in the city center we have not found, and trade is conducted in small shops, street markets, boutiques.
If you urgently need electronics, it is better to go directly into the stores, "electric world" (street Aidgylara, 4) or "Expert" (street of Imam Shamil, 13), but again, the prices there above, than in Russian stores.
Simple Souvenirs such as magnets, key chains, bracelets, honey, chacha, etc. you can buy in the shops on the waterfront, the market, and one of the several shops around the city. But the wine and chacha, we would still recommend not to buy flood on the street and in the factory of glass bottles in specialty stores and supermarkets.