Why can not release abroad

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Attention! The information in the article below only applies to citizens of the Russian Federation and for exit from the Russian Federation. The laws of other countries and the practice of traveling outside of the country may differ from Russian.

Паспортный контроль в аэропорту

In the Russian Federation the order of traveling abroad is regulated by the Federal law "On the procedure for exit from Russian Federation and entry into the Russian Federation" from 15.08.1996 N 114-FZ. Only the law may establish restrictions and limitations, and no other. And the law entitles all citizens to freely travel abroad and freely return. However, article 15 of this law establishes a temporary travel restrictions in certain cases. Here are the most common causes due to which you can "expand" on the border.

  • The availability of debt

    This is the first and the most common reason for denial of exit visas. A lot of tourists and travelers were "stunned" by the unexpected travel ban because of unpaid fines, arrears on utility bills, loans, alimony, etc. However, it is important not the mere presence of debt, and the decision of the bailiff on the establishment of travel restrictions. This topic is fairly complex, so if in doubt, better read the separate information on this subject – "Away if you: check ban on travel abroad".

    Well, if you don't read, you can check the possible existence of a prohibition online via a special service "Navylet". For this you need to enter your personal data* in search form, and get a detailed result.

    Check the ban:

    Click on the image to see an example of the full report Пример отчета по запрету на выезд за границу

    * website "Our planet" does not collect or store personal data of users of the service "NAVYLET". All the conditions for the use of personal data you can read directly on the website "NAVYLET".

  • Expired passport

    It is obvious that the validity of your passport should not end at the moments of departure and return. At the airport, this situation is unlikely, as tickets are bought on passport data and automatically checked during the purchase. But when crossing the land border by car or train it could happen. And in fact, but not so little people "wrapped" at the boundary due to the expired validity of the passport, as ordinary tourists in the best case you take it in hand only a few times a year, so it's easy to forget that he's already invalid.

    Moreover, for entry to another country there are requirements on the minimum duration. I.e. you, for example, it must be valid for at least 6 months at the time of entry. This problem is of another kind, because you are from the Russian release, but the rest or the journey will still be spoiled, because you have to go back.

  • The exit of the minor child

    To go to relatives or foster parents with a minor child without power of attorney from parents is impossible. Also will not release a child to one parent if the other parent filed a request for the prohibition of the child. To solve this problem allows a power of attorney from parents. It is made at any notary for a fee, costs from 1200 rubles. Executed without the participation of a child, for up to several years (so profitable, as charged by the notary fee depends on the period), issued on a special form.

Other reasons

The law provides for other reasons for which you may not be released. This access to state secrets, military service or alternative military service, the recognition as a suspect or accused, conviction, and service to the FSB. In each of these cases, the passport shall be seized, so that surprises at the border arise simply can not.

There is another point with departure outside the Russian Federation, which applies only to employees of the interior Ministry

This is a very slippery topic, but if you think about the number of employees or workers of the interior Ministry, or just going to join them, you should know that. In 2014, the interior Ministry there is an informal, not documented and contradicts Federal law the ban on travel abroad. Employees simply do not sign the official report on travel abroad on leave, and many even have taken foreign passports, regardless of the form of access to state secrets. In each region of the Russian Federation, this prohibition works differently in some regions in individual countries even produce, so to find out about it directly at the place of work.

What are the consequences of violation of this prohibition? On the border of the MVD (if they have on hands the passport), no one will deploy, since the ban illegal. But on arrival back at the service will have to wait for very serious trouble up to and including dismissal, under various pretexts.

Attention! According to information available to us, from the beginning of 2018 to police officers mitigated the illegal ban on travel abroad, and now sign the report on travel to Vietnam, Cuba, China and former Soviet republics, except Ukraine and Georgia.
Comments / recent posts on the topic on the forum
Oksanak 7 February, 2019
It is better to know officially or not released. ...
admin February 7, 2019

But still better not to bring up such a situation to have a doubt that can not release. ...
4 March, 2019
Good evening, the issue of debt ID decided February 20, pass through the border March 7 if the bailiff has removed the limitation and was handed a copy of the decision on the abolition of restrictions? ...
admin 5 March, 2019

Yes, released. As far as I know, by law, the FSSP is given 14 days to removal, and if this does not happen, then theoretically you will be able then the court to claim compensation (tickets, vouchers). But I think you all will be in order, after the decision in the hands. ...
Xonik 11 March 2019
Hello, I live abroad, there is a ban on travel and put November 2019.took the car to his brother,he is not paid in full,the car police officers have for sale,from the payment hasn't shied away,always in touch with the Bank and with police officers.but until the car sells, the ban is not removed..want to come with children for the summer to Russia. I come every year.allow me then to leave Russia on the basis that the children are in school abroad. The citizenship of another state with children is.married to a foreigner.or maybe there is some other option out.thank you ...
admin 12 March, 2019

Hello! technically you fall under the ban, but the law is clarification:
The ban may be temporarily removed in the following cases:
1. If you need to travel abroad for treatment
2. If you need to visit relatives abroad during their illness or death
3. Other important circumstances, if you can convince them of the importance of the bailiff. This may be an important business trip, temporary work, business trip.
Your third, and it all solves the bailiff. Ie you will need to personally contact the court bailiffs service, which issued a decision on the prohibition, with application for the provisional lifting of the ban. But I suppose that is unlikely to take off because you in fact will not be a temporary departure and return, and permanent. Another option is, at least was: through Belarus. But like, there was information that border guards have started to share information, and the loophole closed. ...
Farrukh 17 May, 2019
Hello. I have a travel ban, which ends on may 28. Will be 6 months. Would like to know. Can I cross the border on may 29, and can the guards see the date restrictions on travel with some of what he installed. Thanks in advance. ...
admin 17 May, 2019
Hello Farooq! Accurate information I do not possess, still this specific services. ...
Varja 4 June, 2019
Good day! Today provided information to the marshals about the payment. The decision at hand did not give. Today is Tuesday. I fly on Thursday. I will release overseas.Thank you ...
admin 4 June, 2019

Hello! It is as lucky. According to the law given 14 days to removal, so if you are the bailiff, the situation is not explained and not asked to rush, can not release. ...

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