Why can not release abroad
In the Russian Federation the order of traveling abroad is regulated by the Federal law "On the procedure for exit from Russian Federation and entry into the Russian Federation" from 15.08.1996 N 114-FZ. Only the law may establish restrictions and limitations, and no other. And the law entitles all citizens to freely travel abroad and freely return. However, article 15 of this law establishes a temporary travel restrictions in certain cases. Here are the most common causes due to which you can "expand" on the border.
The availability of debt
This is the first and the most common reason for denial of exit visas. A lot of tourists and travelers were "stunned" by the unexpected travel ban because of unpaid fines, arrears on utility bills, loans, alimony, etc. However, it is important not the mere presence of debt, and the decision of the bailiff on the establishment of travel restrictions. This topic is fairly complex, so if in doubt, better read the separate information on this subject – "Away if you: check ban on travel abroad".
Well, if you don't read, you can check the possible existence of a prohibition online via a special service "Navylet". For this you need to enter your personal data* in search form, and get a detailed result.
Check the ban:
* website "Our planet" does not collect or store personal data of users of the service "NAVYLET". All the conditions for the use of personal data you can read directly on the website "NAVYLET".
It is obvious that the validity of your passport should not end at the moments of departure and return. At the airport, this situation is unlikely, as tickets are bought on passport data and automatically checked during the purchase. But when crossing the land border by car or train it could happen. And in fact, but not so little people "wrapped" at the boundary due to the expired validity of the passport, as ordinary tourists in the best case you take it in hand only a few times a year, so it's easy to forget that he's already invalid.
Moreover, for entry to another country there are requirements on the minimum duration. I.e. you, for example, it must be valid for at least 6 months at the time of entry. This problem is of another kind, because you are from the Russian release, but the rest or the journey will still be spoiled, because you have to go back.
The exit of the minor child
To go to relatives or foster parents with a minor child without power of attorney from parents is impossible. Also will not release a child to one parent if the other parent filed a request for the prohibition of the child. To solve this problem allows a power of attorney from parents. It is made at any notary for a fee, costs from 1200 rubles. Executed without the participation of a child, for up to several years (so profitable, as charged by the notary fee depends on the period), issued on a special form.
The law provides for other reasons for which you may not be released. This access to state secrets, military service or alternative military service, the recognition as a suspect or accused, conviction, and service to the FSB. In each of these cases, the passport shall be seized, so that surprises at the border arise simply can not.
There is another point with departure outside the Russian Federation, which applies only to employees of the interior Ministry
This is a very slippery topic, but if you think about the number of employees or workers of the interior Ministry, or just going to join them, you should know that. In 2014, the interior Ministry there is an informal, not documented and contradicts Federal law the ban on travel abroad. Employees simply do not sign the official report on travel abroad on leave, and many even have taken foreign passports, regardless of the form of access to state secrets. In each region of the Russian Federation, this prohibition works differently in some regions in individual countries even produce, so to find out about it directly at the place of work.
What are the consequences of violation of this prohibition? On the border of the MVD (if they have on hands the passport), no one will deploy, since the ban illegal. But on arrival back at the service will have to wait for very serious trouble up to and including dismissal, under various pretexts.
I have Executive production from 21.09.2018 for child support debt. Can I travel abroad? And in a worst case, can I pay the duty at the airport? ...
Hello Basil! It all depends on the amount of the debt. If you have a debt for alimony more than 10,000, it is almost certainly in your case the bailiffs have already installed a ban on travel, but if you want to know for sure, then contact personally to the officers or on their website, or check through Navylet. And if you see that the ban is, then you need to immediately repay bailiffs and include the receipt or receipts of repayment, so they lifted the ban.
At the airport to solve the problem yet unfortunately in any way. Even if you will repay on the spot via online Bank or something, the constraint is still removed only police officers, but they do it slowly, they act like 14 days. And the border guards that you produce or do not produce, do not care, you repaid the debt or not, the main thing that you in the banned list was not. Here we painted this mechanism in more detail, if interested, is it Possible to pay off your debts at the border. So it is better to redeem now before it's too late. ...
Good day! The Website "Navylet.Russia" has shown the likelihood of departure 85% of "Serious debts not detected", but there nikitichny debt 29 thousand on the loan will release me abroad? ...
Hello! If anything before the moment of departure you will not change and no other reason (criminal record, criminal prosecution, investigation, etc.), then release, you need not worry. ...
It is better to know officially or not released. ...
But still better not to bring up such a situation to have a doubt that can not release. ...
Good evening, the issue of debt ID decided February 20, pass through the border March 7 if the bailiff has removed the limitation and was handed a copy of the decision on the abolition of restrictions? ...
Yes, released. As far as I know, by law, the FSSP is given 14 days to removal, and if this does not happen, then theoretically you will be able then the court to claim compensation (tickets, vouchers). But I think you all will be in order, after the decision in the hands. ...
Hello, I live abroad, there is a ban on travel and put November 2019.took the car to his brother,he is not paid in full,the car police officers have for sale,the payment did not shy away,always in touch with the Bank and with police officers.but until the car sells, the ban is not removed..want to come with children for the summer to Russia. I come every year.allow me then to leave Russia on the basis that the children are in school abroad. The citizenship of another state with children is.married to a foreigner.or maybe there is some other option out.thank you ...
Hello! technically you fall under the ban, but the law is clarification:
The ban may be temporarily removed in the following cases:
1. If you need to travel abroad for treatment
2. If you need to visit relatives abroad during their illness or death
3. Other important circumstances, if you can convince them of the importance of the bailiff. This may be an important business trip, temporary work, business trip.
Your third, and it all solves the bailiff. Ie you will need to personally contact the court bailiffs service, which issued a decision on the prohibition, with application for the provisional lifting of the ban. But I suppose that is unlikely to take off because you in fact will not be a temporary departure and return, and permanent. Another option is, at least was: through Belarus. But like, there was information that border guards have started to share information, and the loophole closed. ...