Tourist information about Thailand
General information about Thailand
Thailand – the land of a thousand smiles! It's not just words. As soon as you first descend from the aircraft, landed in Thailand, you'll immediately feel it. Perhaps the Thais are the friendliest people on the planet.
The modern name of Thailand means "Land of the Free" and this is no accident. Thailand is the only Eastern country, not knowing "colonial slavery" in England or France, which was stimulated by the friendship of the Russian Emperor Nicholas II and Thai of king Rama V (and before that the friendly relations with Thailand began to establish Alexander III). That is why the Day of birth of any Siamese Emperor (especially Rama V) is celebrated here on a Grand scale.
Among Russian tourists in recent years, Thailand is wildly gaining popularity. And this seems not only a large number of the sold vouchers, but the fact that increasingly, in the streets of resort cities of Thailand to hear Russian spoken from the lips of Thais, to see signs in Russian language on the streets, in shops, hotels and restaurants, and in some places you can even change the Russian roubles to baht. Besides, this is the most popular and trendy vacation spot of stars of show business not only from Russia but also from around the world.
For most Russian tourists Thailand has long been a kind of starting point of exploring South East Asia, and for many it has remained a place of first love with traveling. Well-developed tourist infrastructure, comfortable and cheap transport, low prices, and most importantly - friendly people, made the country the most convenient for independent travel. Therefore, if you plan first to go to independent travel abroad without a permit of a better place than "tai" is not found. And to make it easier to organize and plan a trip, in this section we have collected all the necessary information for independent travel to Thailand.
Major cities and resorts of Thailand:
|Beach||Pattaya, Koh LARN, Phuket, Koh Samui, Koh Phangan, O. Tao, Krabi (island and province), Koh Chang, Hua hin, the island of Samet, Rayong, Cha Am, Koh Kood, Koh Lipe, Muang Chumphon, Chumphon (Chumphon), island of Tarutao, Pranburi|
|Tour||Bangkok, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, lop Buri, Mae-Hong-son (Mae Hong Son), Pai (Pai), Kanchanaburi (province), Ayutthaya, Phetchaburi|
|Transit city||Hat Yai (Hat Yai), Surat Thani (Surat Thani), Satun (Satun), Chumphon (Chumphon)|
A bit of history of Thailand
The Kingdom of Thailand (until 1939 and 1945-48 was called Siam) is a country in South-East Asia p-ovah Indochina and the Malay Peninsula, bordering the Andaman sea and the Gulf of the South China sea. Area of 514 km2. The population of 62.4 million people (2000), about 3/4 — Nations of the group of tai, about 1/5 — Lao. The urban population is about 22%. The official language is Thai (Siamese). The official religion is Buddhism. Administrative divisions: 73 Changwat (province). The Capital — Bangkok.
Thailand is a constitutional monarchy. The head of state is king. Legislative — bicameral national Assembly (Senate and House of representatives).
The Climate Of Thailand
Humid tropical and subtropical. This is due to the location of most of the country in tropical and subtropical zones and the influence of the South-West and North-East monsoons. The distance between the northernmost and southernmost points of Thailand is 1,860 km, and difference of latitude — about 15. Such a length from North to South makes the climate of Thailand is one of the most diverse in Southeast Asia. The southwest monsoon brings rain and relative coolness at the end of may to mid July. By November, the rains stop and there comes the "cool dry" season lasts to mid-February. At this time the influence of the northeast monsoon, not touching, North, northeast and Central Thailand directly, but bringing coolness. After the weakening of monsoon, February — may, comes the intense heat, and the humidity gradually increases up to the beginning of a new monsoon season, and then the cycle repeats again.
The rainy season. The duration of the rainy season it is difficult to determine. It usually starts in may — June and can last until November. In the center of the country and on the East coast of strong rains in August — September. October — usually the last month of the wet season, when significant volumes of water have accumulated in irrigation systems and urban drainage, resulting in infrequent and not very heavy rains happen very severe floods. In particular, when the chaophraya river overflows its banks, some districts of Bangkok are flooded, after all, about a third of the city is below sea level. The rainy season in Thailand is incomparable with the same time of year in other countries of South-East Asia. Of course, dirt roads are impassable, and over the tropical beaches of the day hanging clouds, however, they allow enough ultraviolet rays to warm the air, the sea and the sand beaches.
You also need to focus on the temperature — the closer you are to the equator, the less difference of temperatures. So in the cool months (December to February when the average temperature ranges from +20 to +27) night the temperature can drop to zero in the mountains to the North, while during the day it reaches +25. In the morning in Chiang Mai (Northern Thailand) at this time is about +10 Celsius, and in the other regions is above +20. The highest temperature is observed in April and may — then it is above +35 (normal), but sometimes up to +40 in the shade.
Weather and tourist seasons in Thailand
Despite the fact that there is no special period of the tourist season in Thailand, especially for the Russians, nevertheless, it is believed that the best time to visit is between November to late March. This so-called "not rainy season", and at this time not very hot. Besides at this time there is a big part of holidays and festivals in Thailand. Also tourists prefer to visit Thailand in July and August.
If you plan to spend time in the Northern part of Thailand, the hot season (March to may) and early rainy season (June to July) is also a good time.
The North-Eastern part and Central part of Thailand are undesirable to visit between March to may due to high temperatures, sometimes reaching 40°C, and forest fires. During these periods it is better to choose to visit some place in the southern part of the country.
If you want to avoid the influx of tourists to buy a ticket, tickets or book a hotel at a lower price, you can go to Thailand from April to June or September to October.
Despite the fact that in the rainy season (July to October), as is commonly believed, the rest not so comfortable, in fact, there are benefits of recreation in this period, the temperature a little lower and more comfortable, the price is also lower, tourists are fewer. Rains during this period, fear not: it rains not every day, and although they are abundant but quite short. Within an hour after a heavy torrential rain from him not a trace remains. Even if the sky is covered with clouds, you still have a great chance perfect tan, the sun is so active.
Seasons resorts Thailand*
* best time to visit;
appropriate time to visit;
not a recommended time to visit
The time in Thailand
The time difference in Thailand and Moscow is +4 hours in winter and summer.
Electricity in Thailand
Electricity in Thailand as well as in Russia is 220 V, 50 Hz. Local electrical outlet made for a three-pronged plugs with flat pins. But sockets are almost always universal, and adapter for standard Russian and Euro plugs not required.
Language in Thailand
The official language of Thailand is Thai language. Also quite often you can find the languages of small peoples of Thailand. The Thai language is very complex, and owning them requires a very good ear, but if you learn a few basic phrases in Thai, you will get very much respect from the Thais. They understand how their language is complicated, and very proud of it. Learn the basics of the language through the Internet on special sites, and to study on language courses, which in large quantities are offered in tourist areas.
In tourist areas you will not have problems with communication in English. All Thais, even as it connected with tourism speak English very well. The name almost everywhere is backed up I'm English. The exceptions are the taxi drivers who sometimes don't understand a word in English, and there are such even in Bangkok. In more remote, non-tourist areas of Thailand, I know English is not everything, but almost always within sight, you can find a local who understands English and will be happy to help you as a translator.
The government of Thailand
The Kingdom of Thailand is a constitutional monarchy. The head of state is king. The king and his family members are entitled to the unquestioned authority and respect. Disrespectful to him in any form is very severely punished by the law.
Between the king and the government there is a close relationship: the kings of Thailand carry out their legislative power through the National Assembly, Executive power through the Cabinet headed by the Prime Minister, and judicial power through the courts.
The Supreme ruler of Thailand is His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Bhumibol Adulyadej / Rama IX). Administrative division: country is divided into 72 provinces (Changwat).
Holidays in Thailand
Read more about holidays in Thailand here
- January 1 - New year.
- January 10 - children's Day.
- January 16 - Teachers ' Day.
- February - Makha Puja (Makha Puja) is the full moon Day. A national holiday associated with one of the Central events in the history of Buddhism, when 1250 of the Buddha's followers gathered to hear him preach. During this day of prayer interspersed with treats, fish and birds are released from cages and aquariums. After sunset throughout the Kingdom, Buddhist monks lead the faithful around the temples, illuminating the path of triple candles. Each person silently carries flowers, glowing incense and lighted candles in honor of Buddha, his teachings and followers.
- April 6 - Day of the Chakri dynasty. Official holiday in honor of king Rama I, founder of the dynasty of Thai kings, who is at the throne until the present time.
- 12-14 April – Songkran - Thai New year. One of the most important festivals of the Thai people. A lot of tourists and travelers eager to visit Thailand at this time. Hotels and plane tickets for this period are booked several months in advance, and prices rise. In the days of this festival, 13-15 April is Songkran Festival (Songkran Festival) – the festival of water. Especially rapidly it takes place in Chiang Mai. Thanks to several weekends, the fun lasts 3-4 days. At this time, supposed to do good works, pilgrimages to shrines, to hold festive parades and performances, as well as... to wash each other with water.
- May 1 - Labor Day.
- 5 may - coronation Day. In 1946, on this day, was crowned the current king.
- May 11 - the Day of the First furrow. This date marks the beginning of the growing season of rice and other crops.
- May - full moon Day - Visakha Puja. One of the most sacred days in Buddhism: the Birthday, Enlightenment and death of Buddha.
- July - full moon Day - Asanha Puja.
- 19 July - Khao Phansa (Khao Phansa). One of the Buddhist religious holidays.
- July 28 - birthday of Prince.
- August 12 - birthday of Her Majesty the Queen. National holiday activities are concentrated in Bangkok. Public buildings on this day are decorated with colorful illuminations. In addition to the Queen's birthday Sikiric, this day is also Mothers Day.
- October 23 - Chulalongkorn Day. It is a holiday in honor of king Rama V, which can be considered as the most significant reformer in the history of Thailand. He banned slavery, created a Ministerial system, he founded the post and Telegraph.
- November - Loy Krathong - the lantern Festival held on the full moon of the 12th lunar month.
- December 5 - birthday of His Majesty the King. The festival begins on 3 December when the colourful and moving ceremony in the square the Royal Plaza (Royal Plaza) in Bangkok part of the elite of the Royal guard solemnly reaffirm their oath to His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej. All government building and many other buildings festively decorated. At night, the Bangkok area in the Royal Palace and Ratchadamnoen Avenue turns into a fairyland of colored lights. In addition, this holiday is Fathers Day.
- 10 Dec - Constitution Day.
- ID. Under Thai law even tourists should always carry ID. If you don't want to carry around a passport, carry at least a photocopy.
- Tourist information in Russian language. At Bangkok international airport Suvarnabhumi , you can get tourist information in Russian. Tourist centre providing help in ten languages, including Russian, is located on the first floor of the passenger terminal.
- The chronology in Thailand. The official calendar in Thailand is conducted in the Buddhist calendar. This means that all dates in official documents, tickets, dates products manufacture etc., specified in the Buddhist calendar, although in many cases, for foreigners, for compatibility fits the year of the birth of Christ, i.e. as we have.
- What year is it in Thailand? Thai chronology is ahead of ours by 543 years, i.e. 2013 year corresponds to the 2556 th year on the Buddhist calendar, 2014 is the year 2557 year 2015-the year 2558, the year, etc.
- Cigarettes in Thailand. If you are an avid kurilshik, it is better to bring cigarettes with you or buy them in duty-free shops at the airport. Cigarettes in Thailand are very expensive and of poor quality (as the smokers, "just straw"). To import free of duty 200 cigarettes can.
- Where to leave warm clothes on arrival. All of the Bangkok airport there are lockers where you can leave your warm clothes and other Luggage in an average 100 baht per day. It is much cheaper to store things in the storage chambers tourist areas: for example on Khao San born in Bangkok you can leave things in storage in hotels or guesthouses for 15 baht a day.