Malaysia: tourist information, weather, seasons, time, helpful information
Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia on the Malay Peninsula and Borneo (Kalimantan). The state is divided into West Malaysia (on the Malay Peninsula bordered by Thailand, Singapore) and East Malaysia on the island of Borneo (Indonesian name Kalimantan), bordering Indonesia and Brunei. State in area is 329 sq km, which is approximately comparable to the area of Thailand (Malaysia less). The country is divided roughly in half between the mainland (Malay Peninsula) and island (island of Borneo).
Today, Malaysia is not an underdeveloped third world country (and many still think so), but rather developed and economically successful state, which, moreover, is one of the safest among the countries of Southeast Asia. Tourism here is developing rapidly, offering tourists a beach holiday, a lot of historical and cultural attractions, natural beauty and exotic.
Despite the fact that the main religion of Malaysia is Islam, the rules of conduct here are not as hard and not punished as strictly as in the Arab countries. Tourists can feel here quietly and behave the same as the house, only that the behavior was within the bounds of decency. Perhaps the only limitation, due to government regulation, and Islam, which can experience the tourists is the high price of alcohol and tobacco. But on this account the guests of the country there is an outlet on the Islands of Langkawi and Tioman mode duty free alcohol and cigarettes are very cheap.
Malaysia traditionally among Russians it is considered quite exotic, and therefore expensive tourist destination. But this is actually true only for package tours. Prices for tourist services (in particular hotels), transportation, food within the country is very low by Russian standards. They are comparable to the prices in Thailand, well, is just slightly above (see more about the price in Malaysia). Cheapness of transport in Malaysia – generally a separate issue. So, air travel within the country local lokosom AirAsia comparable to the cost of travelling by bus. The low prices and the development of transport make Malaysia a great place for independent travel, putting it on a par with Thailand. Travel to Malaysia often combine with a visit to Singapore or Thailand, which are connected by a railway through Malaysia.
It's worth to mention about partying and nightlife in Malaysia. Do not expect from a Muslim state to the abundance of discos and nightlife in Thailand. However, in the popular resorts and in the capital, life is pretty progressive, and to find such entertainment. You can find even girls.
Places to go in Malaysia, abound. Here only the most popular Islands of Langkawi, Penang, Pangkor, Tioman, Perhentian, Ravof the city of Kuala Lumpur, Malacca; the mountain resort of Cameron highlands. A special direction is the island of Borneo, which is an ideal place for ecotourism.
If you are ready for independent travel, you can find on the website the following useful information:
- Visa Malaysia, custom
- The Currency Of Malaysia
- Security in Malaysia, health
- Cuisine Of Malaysia
- What to bring from Malaysia?
- Review of resorts in Malaysia
The state system
Malaysia is a Federal constitutional elective monarchy consisting of 13 States (States) and three Federal territories.
Nine States are monarchies, of which seven sultanates, headed by sultans. Every ruler is also the religious head of his staff.
The other 4 state are the governorates headed by the governors.
Every five years, nine monarchs choose from among its Supreme ruler (the king), Malay Yang di-Pertuan Agong and his Deputy (Viceroy), as a rule, for reasons of seniority or the duration of the Board. The Supreme ruler and sultans perform mainly representational functions, but all the laws and introducing a constitutional amendment are subject to their approval. The real management functions implemented by the Parliament and the Prime Minister.
The economy of Malaysia is industry (46 % of GDP) and services (41 %). Agriculture - 13% of GDP.
Especially high development made up of electronic and electrical industry. Malaysia is ranked 1st in the world in the production of electronic chips and household air conditioners, the production of palm oil. The country developed the auto industry (national car brands Proton and Perodua). Malaysia also occupies 3-e a place in the world for the production of liquefied natural gas. Developed oil production, textile industry.. Near the capital, Kuala Lumpur, is building the world's largest multimedia corridor — the so-called silicon valley.
Language in Malaysia
The official language in Malaysia is Malay. Also very common are English, Chinese (various dialects), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Punjabi and Thai. English in schools is compulsory. Police and civil servants have fluent English.
In some schools teaching Portuguese and Arabic. The population of the Peninsula of Malacca enjoys languages mon-Khmer group, and the island of Kalimantan (Borneo) — Austronesian languages.
Official state religion — Sunni Islam. His confession, according to various sources, from 53% to 60%. The Malaysian Constitution allowed freedom of religion, so distributed as Taoism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Christianity (10-12%), Hinduism, Sikhism. Forest tribes of Kalimantan, even though they were formally Muslims or Christians who adhere to traditional beliefs.
In Malaysia, there is no such strict Islamic laws, as, for example, in the Middle East. However, the basic principles of behavior in society and gender segregation (division by sex), at least in public places, have also been observed here.
Muslim women usually wear head tudung (hijab or headscarf), but wearing it is optional, the absence of tudung on the head did not condemned or penalized. There are some institutions where wearing tudung necessary.
The Islamic government is encouraging the spread of Islam, promising a good job, various incentives and privileges. Just because of this some people become Muslims, though they do not believe in God. Issues related to divorce and inheritance of Muslims decide in the Sharia courts and the secular courts have no right of review of their decisions.
The time in Malaysia
Time in Malaysia ahead of Moscow is +5 hours. From winter to summer is not translated.
|Moscow: +5||Samara: +4|
|Kazan: +5||Nizhny Novgorod: +5|
|Ekaterinburg: +3||Novosibirsk: +1|
|Irkutsk: 0||Vladivostok: -2|
Electricity in Malaysia
In Malaysia uses AC electricity 220V, 50Hz. Outlets everywhere are set for a three-pronged forks. At a certain skill in this outlet you can put two-pin plug, but it is recommended to have the adapter as in the photo. Such adapters are widely sold in Malaysia.
If the adapter was not found, you can do so: in the upper flat hole socket, you need to stick something thin, it is better not conducting electricity (e.g., the arc from points). After that, the usual two-pin plugs with thin pins (Euro) 'll come to a wall outlet.
Weather, tourist seasons
The tourist season in Malaysia is all year round.
The climate of Malaysia is Equatorial, monsoon. Average daily and annual amplitude of temperature is small: 25C to 28C. The average annual temperature is 26C. In lowland areas, downstream temperature can rise to 36 °C. In the mountains the climate is cooler at high altitude — moderate, cool. The humidity is high year round, averaging 75-80%, and in the rainy season 90%.
There are two seasons – dry and wet (rainy season). On the East coast the rainy season occurs from November to February. In the West - in April, may and October. In the rainy season precipitation is short (max 2-3 hours a day), the rest of the time the sun is shining and very warm.
More information about the weather and seasons at individual resorts may be found in the sections on the respective resorts.
Current weather in Malaysia (Langkawi) and the forecast for the near future
Useful tips for Malaysia
- The lack of toilet paper. Public toilets in Malaysia are often no toilet paper, and has the appropriate soul. If you are not used to use them, better carry a roll of toilet paper.
- Alcohol and cigarettes. Prices for alcoholic beverages and cigarettes in Malaysia is quite high because of the high fees. But absolutely no duties they are sold on the island of Langkawi, which is a special duty free zone and at the same time the most popular resort.
- Try to use only your right hand. Make or donate clothes and food better right hand as the left hand is used where there is no toilet paper (see above).
- Always carry your passport. According to the laws of Malaysia, you should always carry a passport and produce it for inspection by the police. If a passport is not, you may be detained and taken to a police station until identification.