Cuisine Of Malaysia
Features of cuisine of Malaysia
There is a perception that in Malaysia, whose population is a mix of different cultures and peoples, national cuisine as such does not exist. It is not so. Just the traditional cuisine of Malaysia consists of a weave, and borrowing from the cuisines of different nationalities: Chinese, Indian, Thai, etc. you Can even find dishes borrowed from the Portuguese. At the same time, here you can find a pure and traditional cuisine the neighbouring peoples: Thai food, Indonesian, Indian, Chinese, and other. Widespread got here and worldwide fast food chains, including MacDonald's, PizzaHut, etc., where you will be able to eat the usual European food.
As in all of Asia, rice in Malaysia has become the main food. Rice is present as an ingredient or garnish almost all the dishes served at the restaurants and cafes of Malaysia, if it is, of course, McDonald's. In the picture you can see here all kinds of widows, and in all forms. It is served with any dish as garnish. It is blended with herbs, spices and coconut milk. With him, even prepared desserts.
Rice in Malay is called "nasi" (nasi), therefore the name of most dishes includes this word. Similarly, the rice is indicated in the neighbouring Indonesian cuisine. All other products are called by one name "lauk" (lauk), which literally means "addition to rice".
A variety of flavors of the same product, vivid and rich taste sometimes even gaudy at first glance of the ingredients add spices. Among them, a mixture of different curries, chilli, garlic, ginger, galangal, lemongrass, Kaffir. Special flavor to simple dishes lends used in the preparation of coconut milk. Often used in the preparation of coriander, cumin, cloves, cinnamon, cardamom, anise.
Traditional Malay cuisine never prepared pork, since most Malays are Muslims. Typically, the meat used in chicken, fish, lamb or beef. Although this does not mean that you will not find pork dishes. Pork is widely used by the Malay, Chinese, and a variety of dishes at restaurants no less than in any other country. As the saying goes: "Every whim for your money". Also in the diet of Malaysians many dishes prepared using seafood.
For vegetarian food lovers in Malaysia will open a "Klondike" of tastes and new sensations. There is a network of Buddhist vegetarian restaurants "Banana leaf", offering South Indian cuisine. In these restaurants is not only the food but also the ceremony of eating without Cutlery items and unnecessary conventions.
Despite the fact that the main traditional dishes across the country seems to be the same, and are made of the same basic products, in fact, in various regions of the country, their taste will differ considerably. The position of the region, its natural features and historical development greatly influenced the local traditions and recipes of cooking. Moreover, even in the same city in restaurants of different ethnic groups or regions of the taste of food can also vary greatly.
For example, in the North of the country, closer to Thailand, the dishes, feel the influence of its Northern neighbor. When cooking in large quantities using lime, Kaffir, lemongrass, which gives the food a sour taste and citrus aroma Thai dishes. In the South-West coast, the impact of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. As a result dishes are spicy and zesty taste.
As for the cost of food: eating in Malaysia is very cheap, especially if you approach this issue with intelligence and caution in the selection of dishes. In pretty decent cafe can be satisfied enough for 15 RM (Malaysian currency) per person, and if we limit ourselves to traditional dishes such as Nasi Goreng, roti Canai etc., it is possible to spend and RM15 for two. Don't believe? View prices for photo in one of the cafes in Kuala Lumpur (click on photo to enlarge) made in October 2011. Agree, the prices are not so high, and the portions, I assure you, large.
Of course, you can find a place for every purse, and leave for one dinner a few hundred dollars for a lobster or crab. Prices in the restaurants at the hotels are usually quite high, and much cheaper to eat at the restaurants located outside hotels. What's amazing, sometimes cheap with the kind of street cafe, consisting of a tray and a plastic table, you can "catch" quite a decent amount for a modest dinner, if you did not inquire the cost of the meals. It is best to look at the menu with the prices, and then book.
To try authentic Malaysian cuisine, you have to at least eat the hawkers on the street or in a cafe where the locals eat. To eat to satiety in a place and RM5. Do not be afraid to eat with trays of food on them clean and safe for healthy stomach. Food hygiene here pay great attention to what is forcing the hot climate. The food is prepared right in front of you from fresh ingredients. No heated food, the freshest. The only thing you should be prepared, it is to the spiciness of the food. If you have a weak stomach, it is better to approach this issue with caution or not risk eat in the European institutions.
Actually, very often the cost of food in Malaysia compared with the cost of food in Thailand and Indonesia. So in Malaysia, the food will cost a little more, to 20-30 percent, than in Thailand. Food in Indonesia is generally considered to be one of the cheapest, and here the difference will be approximately half to two times.
Popular dishes of the traditional cuisine of Malaysia
A popular Malaysian dishes borrowed from other cuisines in a pure form. Among them, Indonesian Nasi Goreng and Rendang, Thai Tom yum soup. Here is a list of popular dishes of the traditional cuisine of Malaysia, which is well worth exploring:
- Nasi lemak (Nasi Lemak) rice, cooked in coconut milk. Served with boiled eggs, anchovies, cucumbers, roasted peanuts.
- Nasi Goreng (Nasi goreng) - fried rice with slices of meat, shrimps, eggs and vegetables. Is divided into several types with different ingredients, the most classic of which is Nasi Goreng Ayam (Nasi goreng ayam) is prepared with chicken.
- Nasi Dagang (dagang Nasi) - rice in coconut milk with fish curry.
- Tahu goreng - fried cubes of soy flour fried with soybean shoots, spicy sauce and breaded with ground peanuts.
- Gado Gado (Gado Gado) - vegetable salad with peanut sauce, coconut milk and chilli and beansprouts and bamboo shoots.
- Rojak (Rojak) - salad with pineapple, cucumber, shrimp fritters and boiled egg served with peanut sauce.
- The Rendang (Rendang) - braised in coconut milk meat (beef) with spices. Cooking this dish takes a few hours, and the result is delightful respectively.
- Soto ayam- spicy chicken soup with vegetables and rice.
- Satay ayam or just the Satay (Satay) - chicken skewers with sweet and sour peanut sauce.
- Ketupat – fried in palm leaves rice with spices.
- Ekor - this spicy soup from the tails of Buffalo.
- Roti Canai or roti Jala (Roti Canai) Malaysian dessert crepes. Found in plain sight, like the bread which is served with sauce and can be used instead of bread. But much more interesting with a filling of meat, vegetables, fruit or cheese. Some varieties: the roti Canai ayam (chicken), roti Canai Banana (sweet banana filling), roti Canai Cheese (with cheese).
- Melaka – sago dessert with coconut milk and syrup of palm sugar.
- Murtabak (Roti Canai or Murtabak Ayam) - fried layered pancakes filled with vegetables and chicken. It is simply the most popular version of roti Canai is found in a menu called Ayam roti Canai (Roti Canai Ayam, Ayam means chicken stuffing) or Murtabak, but essentially the same.
- Ice kacang (Ais Kacang) - multi-colored jelly cubes, corn in cream, peanuts and red beans, topped with crushed ice and drizzled with rose syrup.
By the way, the dish is Rendang in September 2011 was generally recognized as the most delicious dish in the world according to the website cnngo.com. And the classic "Nasi goreng" with chicken and egg took second place in the same ranking. These two dishes were the results of the vote surpassed by the taste of dishes such as Japanese sushi and noodles, Thai rice, gankovsky dim sum , Chinese duck, Italian lasagna, American ice cream, France's croissant, and other delicacies.
Fruits in Malaysia
The variety of fruits in Malaysia is a typical Southeast Asian. We have a huge variety. Here you can find almost any fruit, but of course the season. Most exotic fruits never seen the shelves of our stores. Read more about these fruits and their seasons of ripening you can read in our article – exotic fruits. Everything described in the article the fruits you can find in the fruit markets of Malaysia. Prices are not to say very low (in comparison with Thailand), but quite acceptable. The approximate prices of some fruits in October 2011 (per kilogram): pineapple - 4 RM; mango - 9 EM; mangosteen - 12 RM; Lamai - 10 RM. In local markets, located a little away from the tourist areas, the prices are lower.
Familiar fruits, such as apples, grapes, pears, Malaysia is hardly growing and are imported from other regions. So the prices here are quite high.
In addition to eating fresh fruit in the form they are widely used as ingredients in Malay cuisine. Fresh juices from fruits are present in the menu of almost every restoran and street cafes.
Alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages in Malaysia
A drink of Malaysians - coffee and tea (teh Tarik and Nescafe Tarik, respectively). Tea and coffee are traditionally podslushivaet sugar or condensed milk, and sometimes add spices. In Malaysia there is a cult brewing and pouring tea, but don't think it's something like a Japanese tea ceremony. Brewing and bottling of tea here may be accompanied by a real show with acrobatics. There are even contests of skill in the preparation and bottling of tea. A Cup of tea or coffee in the café from RM1,2.
In Malaysia, you will be presented with a huge selection of fresh juices of tropical fruits. These juices, but in Asia, you will not try anywhere else. Available also fresh coconut juice or coconut milk. This drink is sold right on the street right in coconuts, which, when you will open and will give together with the straw-straws. The cost of a glass of freshly squeezed juice with ice in a cafe - from RM2, cost of coconut 3 ringgit.
Spirits of the Muslim population of Malaysia are not used and are not welcome. Although some Muslims allow themselves to drink local beer, but of course within reason, and never get drunk. Given this, spirits are practically not produced, and find them on sale, you can not everywhere. Mostly imported alcohol, and its prices are quite biting (except the island of Langkawi and Labuan).
Much easier with beer and wine, although prices here can not be called democratic. The cost of cans of beer in a cafe or restaurant starts from RM 10. In the store you can find a small can of beer (0,33 liter) from RM6, but more often a bit more expensive. Big bottle (is 0,66 litre) is not less than 10 ringgit. The wine shop can be purchased from RM25 per bottle, but the store still should be found.
The wine is mainly imported from Australia and neighbouring countries. Beer is sold both imported and of local production. Local beer is not such a bad quality as you might think.
If you are planning during your trip to visit the island of Langkawi or Labuan, with alcohol you are lucky. These Islands are a duty-free area and alcoholic drinks are much cheaper there. If you plan to spend vacation in Malaysia on one of these Islands, don't try to buy anything in airport duty-free stores. In Langkawi you can find all the same, but cheaper. Beer costs from RM1.6, and 1 liter of liqueur Baileys - RM55.