Cuisine Of Indonesia
Cuisine Of Indonesia
Indonesia has plenty to offer from its diverse cuisine on 17,000 Islands.
In every part of Indonesia has its own culinary traditions and characteristics. They differ in the methods of cooking, ingredients, traditions of the meal.
The kitchen is the island of Java is most adapted to European taste (i.e., the least exotic) – mainly dishes made from vegetables, legumes, beef and chicken.
West Sumatra is famous for its cuisines and restaurants, which, in turn, is famous not only for acute, unusual cuisine and unique interior and service.
In Bali, tourist Paradise island, you will find any cuisine of the world, which will only be able to wish the most pampered tourist.
There are quite exotic dishes. So, in the village of Tuban in the Indonesian province of East Java preparing cakes, made from the earth. Locals scoop up the muddy land, rice fields, and make them patties. It is believed that these cakes are very good for health.
Cooking the Indonesians gave rise to many superstitions. For example, a young girl is not recommended to sing while cooking - otherwise husbands it will get old. It is also believed that a strong burning sensation in the mouth after spicy food can be removed by repeated pivoting of the plates, and to avoid tears when peeling an onion, it is enough to push a knife into one of the bulbs.
As usual in Asia, the main ingredient in most Indonesian dishes is rice ("nasi"). The people of Indonesia consider rice the food of the gods and tell various legends about his appearance on earth - thus, according to one young man, trapped in the sky, brought out a grain of rice in the cracks of the heels. The tribe of the Batak in Sumatra boiled rice detain the soul of a sick baby rice is so delicious that, after trying it, the soul will not want to leave the child, and he will survive.
Many travelers, not penetrating deep into the "kitchen culture" of Indonesia believe that in addition to "Nasi goreng" ("goreng nasi") – fried rice with various ingredients – other traditional dishes there. Of course, "Nasi goreng" is the most traditional dish, and you will praise and recommend. But there are other traditional dishes that you must try: "sate" ("sate") - seasoned grilled meat, "Gado-Gado" ("gado-gado") - vegetable salad with peanut sauce, "bakmi goreng" ("bakmi goreng") - fried pasta. But the Indonesian dish "Rendah" ("rendang"), prigotavlivaemy of beef braised for hours in coconut milk, in September 2011, was generally recognized as the most delicious dish in the world according to the website cnngo.com. And the classic "Nasi goreng" with chicken and egg took second place in the same ranking. These two dishes were the results of the vote surpassed by the taste of dishes such as Japanese sushi and noodles, Thai rice, Hong Kong dim sum , Chinese duck, Italian lasagna, American ice cream, France's croissant, and other delicacies.
Indonesians love the variety of condiments and sauces that can be very sharp. Cuisine of Indonesia generally, the overall feeling is very spicy, a lot of specific tastes, not known in Europe or spices used in a special way. Inflorescence amazing flavors and spices to create a character of this kitchen.
All derivatives of the main national dishes include seafood, traditional rice, spices, corn, sweet potatoes, and breadfruit. Widespread salads. It should be noted rice wine - one of the national drinks - and, of course, a real black coffee. The Islands of the Indonesian archipelago is rightly called the spice Islands. Black and white pepper, tamarind, cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon, hot red or green peppers, peanuts, ginger, soy, garlic - mandatory components of the hot spices that the locals use in their kitchen.
Throughout the year, Indonesia amazing abundance of tropical and subtropical fruits and vegetables. Some fruits, such as mangos or watermelons are seasonal, but bananas, apples, papayas, pineapples, oranges and other can be eaten all year round. In General, in Indonesia are very fond of products of natural origin, e.g., coconuts, the palm heart, mangoes and breadfruit.
Traditionally food is served on a banana leaf and right hand but only the right hand (the left hand is considered "unclean"). Before and after meals, hand washed in a special vessel with water and a slice of lemon. For Europeans, usually served with a spoon and fork but not a knife.
Bali, as a "state within a state" has its own "kitchen" features. It is primarily determined by the fact that the majority of Balinese people (94% of the population) are Orthodox kind of Hinduism, which is called "Agama Hindu Dharma". Only about 5 % of the population is Muslim.
Mainly in Bali, the tourists taste the traditional Indonesian dishes. There are also many Chinese, Thai, European dishes and restaurants. There are even Russian cuisine. But you should taste the pure Balinese dishes:
- Bali guling (ball guling) — suckling pig on a spit;
- Bebek tutu (bebek tutu) — duck with all kinds of spices, which cook for 12 hours, wrapped in banana leaf;
- pepes ikan (ikan pepes) — fish on a spit, wrapped in a banana leaf;
- mi goreng (mi goreng) fried noodle, made from flour of durum wheat;
- pisang Molen (molen pisang) or pisang goreng (pisang goreng) — fried bananas in pastry;
- tea cap (cap cai) and vegetable stew nepotushenny vegetables;
- chumi-chumi (cumi-cumi) squid;
- udang (udang) — shrimp or udang besar (udang besar) — a giant shrimp.
Special mention should be made of the abundance of seafood and shark's fin soup and lobster and fish of all kinds, as well as oysters, giant shrimp, etc.
Water from the tap can not drink. The Balinese say that the water is suitable after boiling. But even so, it is better to drink purchased bottled water.
Indonesians love tea and coffee. They are very proud of their local coffee and tea, which we offer everything from a rustic diner to luxury restaurant. For the vast majority of Indonesians lunch or dinner is unthinkable without a final glass of tea. Tea and coffee plantations to extensive and fertile.
Bajaur popular drink – coconut milk with rice and palm sugar, beverage air-tebu, made from sugar cane juice, ginger tea, and ice crash with beans and sugar syrup. Despite the fact that Indonesians are absolutely sober way of his own life, for the sake of tourists they provide them with everything that they likes.
In Bali you will find a wide choice of cognacs, whisky, vodka, French and Australian wines, local drinks — for example, Arak (arak) — palm or rice wine. For beer lovers as well-known varieties of German or Dutch beer, and beer "Bintang" — a Czech beer produced in Indonesia under license. Local beer is 2-3 times cheaper than foreign ones. Interestingly, the local beer made from the juice of palm flowers.