General information about India weather, seasons
General information about the country
The Republic of India is a state located in South Asia. India shares borders with Pakistan to the West, China, Nepal and Bhutan in the northeast, with Bangladesh and Myanmar in the East. It has Maritime borders with Maldives in the southwest, with Sri Lanka in the South, Indonesia in the South-East. Disputed territory of Jammu and Kashmir has a border with Afghanistan.
Directly in India originated religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism. The formation of a diverse culture influenced by those who came to the country, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam. This border crossing over between religion and medicine, as cosmic energy, also originated in India several centuries ago.
After gaining independence in 1947., the country has made great strides in economic and military development, and by the end of the 20th century India's economy has become one of the fastest growing in the world. But despite this pressing problem continues to be a high level of poverty and illiteracy.
India is a Federal Republic that consists of 28 States, 6 Union territories and National capital territory of Delhi. All States and 2 Union territories (Puducherry and national capital territory of Delhi) have their own elected government. The remaining 5 are controlled by the administrator appointed by the Central government, and are under the direct control of the President of India. All the States and Union territories are divided into administrative and governmental units called districts. In India, there are more than 600 districts. Districts in turn are divided into smaller administrative units - Tanuki.
India ranks second in the world after China in terms of population – about 1.2 billion people. Almost 70% of Indians reside in rural areas although in recent decades migration to larger cities has led to a sharp increase in the urban population. The biggest cities of India - Mumbai (formerly Bombay), Delhi, Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), Chennai (formerly Madras), Bangalore, Hyderabad and Ahmedabad. The average literacy rate of India is 64.8%. The sex composition of the population is characterized by the excess number of men over number of women. The average age of the population is 25 years. In India the annual growth rate is on average 1000 people - 22 children.
The Constitution of India provided that Hindi and English are the two working languages of the national government, that is the official language. English is widely used in business and administration and has the status of a "subsidiary official language"; it also plays an important role in education, especially in secondary and higher.
More than 80% of India's population are Hindus. Among religions with a significant number of followers, we can distinguish Islam (13.4 percent), Christianity (2.3 percent), Sikhism (1.9 percent), Buddhism (0.8%) and Jainism (0.4 per cent). In India also represented such religions as Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Baha'i and others. Among aboriginal people, which is 8,1%, animism is widespread.
The state system
India is a sovereign, socialist, secular liberal democratic Republic. State power is divided into three branches: legislative, Executive, judicial.
The head of state is the President elected by electoral College for a period of 5 years by indirect vote. The head of government is the Prime Minister that concentrates the Executive power.
The legislature of India is represented by a bicameral Parliament, which consists of an upper chamber, called the "Rajya Sabha" (Council of States) and lower house "Lok Sabha" (people's chamber).
The Executive branch consists of the President, Vice-President, and the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister. Each Minister must be a member of either house of Parliament. The Executive power is subordinated to the legislative.
India has a unitary three-stage judiciary that comprises the Supreme court of the 21st of the Supreme court and many smaller courts.
The Economy Of India
The last time India opens up certain sectors to private and foreign businesses. Over the past two decades the average annual growth of GDP was 5.5%, which has made the Indian economy one of the fastest growing in the world. India has the second largest in the world to the workforce: 60% of them are employed in agriculture; 28% in services; and 12% in industry. The main agricultural crops are rice, wheat, cotton, tea, sugarcane, potatoes. Among the major industries highlighted in the automotive, chemical, cement, consumer electronics, videoprova, mechanical engineering, mining, petroleum, pharmaceutical, Metalworking and textile. India ranks sixth in the world in consumption of oil and third largest consumer of coal.
In India there is a significant stratification of the population. Despite economic growth, a quarter of the population lives below the state-established minimum subsistence level.
India is exporter of software, financial and technology services, textiles, jewelry. Main imports - crude oil, machinery, fertilizers and chemicals. Major trading partners - the U.S., EU and China. The main natural resources of India: arable land, bauxite, chromite, coal, diamonds, iron ore, limestone, manganese, mica, natural gas, petroleum, titanium ore.
The culture of India has a huge variety. Throughout history, it has preserved as its ancient cultural traditions and borrowed a new one from other peoples and countries. India has extended its cultural influence to other parts of Asia.
Great respect in India use traditional family values, respect for elders, mainly due to socio-economic constraints imposed by the traditional extended family system.
Weather, tourist seasons
India is a very big country and weather conditions are radically different from the extreme Northern to the extreme southern point of the country.
On bolshej parts of territory of India there are three seasons: hot and humid with the domination of South-West monsoon (June — October); relatively cool and dry with prevailing North-East trade winds(November — February), very hot and dry transition (March — may). During the wet season falls more than 80% of annual precipitation. The rainfall varies greatly in different years. On the plains, the average January temperature increases from North to South 15 to 27C in may throughout the 28-35C, sometimes rises to 45-48C. During the wet period in most parts of the country temperature is 28C.
Centers of glaciation are concentrated in the Karakoram and on the southern slopes of Zaskar in the Himalayas. Due to global warming the glaciers are receding.
For tourists going on vacation to India the climate plays a very important when choosing when and where to go in India.
It is believed that in the whole country in the period from October to March the weather is pleasant enough throughout the country and is the most favorable time for visiting and touring the country. The perfect time and the peak tourist season is November and December.
At the same time during the "off-season" in India is not a contraindication to visit: India is beautiful at any time of the year and has its charms in some regions at various times of the year. Besides the trip in the off-season is a great way to save money, as prices in the off-season period of decline, although not significantly. But sometimes, you can additionally save money on tickets in the sale.
In the off-season from January to September is quite favourable weather conditions develop in the South. From March to August are recommended for visiting the North-Eastern region of the country and in particular the region of Sikkim. Kashmir and the mountainous regions of Himachal Pradesh are suitable to visit is from may to September. During the monsoon season well in the deserts of Rajasthan and in the North-Western Himalayan region of India. Trekking in the Himalayas it is better to make from April to November, although this time may vary depending on the route, height and area. The ski season in the Himalayas runs from January to March.
The time in India is ahead of Moscow at +2.5 hours.
|Moscow: +2.5||Samara: +1.5|
|Kazan: +2.5||Nizhny Novgorod: +2.5|
|Ekaterinburg: +0.5||Novosibirsk: -1.5|
|Irkutsk: -2.5||Vladivostok: -4.5|
Useful tips for India
- Soaps and shampoos. Take a soap, shampoo, toilet paper and napkins, because most of the hotels and guesthouses of India, they do not exist.