Phnom Penh: General information, weather, seasons, time
Phnom Penh (Phnom Penh) the capital of the Kingdom of Cambodia and the largest city in the state.
Located in the South Central part of the country at a distance of 150 kilometers from the coast of the Gulf of Thailand. The city's population – more than 2 million people.
Previously, the city had the name Krong Chaktomuk, meaning "City of four faces" because of the three rivers Mekong, Bassac and Tonle SAP, which form the letter "X" intersecting in the city.
The city was founded, or rather the then village, in 1372. "Phnom Penh" in Khmer means hill (mother) Stump. According to legend, the village was founded by a nun named Stump, which I saw floating down the Mekong river a tree trunk PT, in the branches of which something glittered. It turned out that this 4 bronze Buddha statues and one stone. The statue was presumably washed away from one of the Laotian temples. With the assistance of a Stump near her home was covered by a large hill (Phnom), and set the altar on which were placed the statues. Later on this place became Wat Phnom.
But the city did not immediately become the capital. At that time the capital of the Kingdom was the city of Angkor (in place of the current temple complex of Angkor), which was frequently attacked by Siam. As a result, the king of Cambodia was forced to leave the city, and went in search of a new place for the capital. Along the way he passed by the village of Phnom Penh, where he heard the story of mother tree Stump. In addition, the location of the village on the confluence of three rivers he loved, and it was decided to found a new capital. It happened, according to various versions, in 1432, 1443 or 1446. In 1505, the city lost the capital status, although it always remained the largest city and economic center of the country, and regained it only in 1866.
For tourists in Phnom Penh is not so popular travel destination, because there is no beach activities and nightlife. Infrastructure for the city, is the capital, is poorly developed, public transportation is not available. Although, for tourists, there is almost everything: a considerable number of hotels of different categories from cheap to expensive (there is even the backpacker quarter), travel agencies and tour offices for the sale of tickets for buses to all corners of the country, restaurants and cafes. Therefore, every year the number of tourists visiting the city at least for a short time, grows, and infrastructure improves.
Usually tourists stay in Phnom Penh when trailing at the popular beach resort of Sihanoukville or in the Angkor temple complex in Siem reap. Stop often short – one or two days. Sometimes stopping in Phnom Penh is required because of the specificity of transport: night buses in Cambodia don't go, so tourists are forced to stay in Phnom Penh to continue his journey to Sihanoukville or Siem reap the next day.
But why forced? If you have enough time to devote a day or two exploring Phnom Penh, according to the author, definitely worth it. And not have to do this only in order to see the standard sights. It is interesting to linger, to learn more about the life of this city, meet local people, walk in the evening along the promenade, relax at a café selling "happy pizza". Even Phnom Penh is the center of nightlife in Cambodia, and a separate category of tourists linger here for exotic sex tourism. If you want to limit the examination of the attractions of Phnom Penh, linger more than a day here is not worth it. You just have nothing to do here.
The climate in Phnom Penh is tropical, warm all year, distinct rainy season and dry season. At the same time, given that Phnom Penh is visited not for a beach holiday, which is simply not possible to say that the season to visit is all year round, although some inconvenience during the rainy season can be.
The ideal time to visit high season is considered the months from November to January, due to the more gentle low temperature and the minimum level of rainfall.
The season of rain lasting from April to October, with the wettest months of September and October.
The dry season lasts from November to may. The difference in precipitation between the driest month is February and the wettest is October, almost 30 times.
Current weather in Phnom Penh and forecast*
The names of the streets. Many streets in Phnom Penh are not known, but are numbered in a very simple scheme: odd numbers from North to South; even - from East to West, while many main streets have names. But it is unlikely you'll need this as a useful tip is that to find something at without a map almost impossible and not even worth trying. The numbering of buildings on the street is chaotic, and there are even structures with the same numbers on the same street.
Money. Do not rush to change dollars into local currency. The dollars here in the move and they can pay almost everywhere, but the local currency is not held in high esteem. Details about the currency of Cambodia here.
Purchase. Shopping or go to the main market (Central market), or visit the "Russian market" (Russian Market), but everywhere you have to bargain. There is also a large modern shopping Mall City Mall near the Olympic stadium.
Be very careful with the purchase of a precious stone and metals: if you do not understand them, at best, buy artificial stone, and in the worst glass. Look for branded clothing and fashion items in local stores makes no sense. Cambodians themselves are buying fashionable things in neighbouring countries. You can find good fake watch.