together with Europe that forms the mainland of Eurasia.
The border between Asia and Europe is usually carried out in the Urals. Asia and Africa joined the Suez isthmus, from North. America separated the Bering Strait. Washed By The North. Arctic, Pacific and Indian oceans and their marginal seas and inland seas of the Atlantic CA. the area of the Islands of St .. 2 million. km2. The average altitude of 950 m, the highest is 8848 m (G. Everest, the highest point of the Earth). Mountains and plateaus occupy about. 3/4 of the territory. Major mountain ranges: Himalaya, Karakoram, Pamir, Tien Shan, Hindu Kush, Kunlun, B. Caucasus, Altai, Sayan, the ranges of the Verkhoyansk and Chersky. Large plateau: Tibetan, Iranian, Armenian, Anatolian, dead lifts, Koryak. Plateau: the Central Siberian, the Arabian Peninsula, the Deccan. The largest plains: West-Siberian, Turanian, Great Chinese, Indo-Gangetic, Mesopotamian. In Kamchatka, the Islands of the East. Asia and the Malay archipelago. there are many active volcanoes and strong seismicity.
The climate of the Arctic in the North and continental temperate in the East. Siberia to Equatorial on the Islands of Indonesia. In East. and South. Asian monsoon climate, the plains of Central., CP. Zap. Asia is arid and semiarid. In the highest mountains Wed. and Center. Asia, the Himalayas, the Arctic Islands glaciorization (118.4 thousand km2). Large areas, mainly in the North. and East. Siberia (approx. 11 million km2), occupied by permafrost. The main rivers: Ob, Irtysh, Yenisei, Lena (bass. SEV. Arctic CA., most of the year covered with ice); the Amur, Huang he, Yangtze (longest in Asia, 5800 km), xijiang, Mekong (bass. Quiet approx.); the Indus, Ganges, Brahmaputra, Irrawaddy, Salween, the Shatt al-Arab (bass. Indian CA.). A large area of internal drainage (bass. The Caspian and Aral seas, many areas of the Center. Asia and CP. East). The largest lakes: Baikal, Balkhash, Issyk-Kul, van, Urmia, Hunk, kukunor, Poyang, Dongting, Taihu, Tonle SAP. The Arctic Islands and along the coast of North. Arctic CA. extends Arctic desert and tundra, bordered on the South by a narrow strip of forest tundra, South of the taiga (mostly coniferous in the West and light in the East), shifting to the South and broad-leaved mixed forests, forest-steppes and steppes. Semi-desert and is particularly well expressed in the Arabian Peninsula (the NEF UD, RUB al-Khali), in the interior of the Iranian plateau (deshte-LUT, dashte-kavir and the others), in CP. and Center. Asia (Kara Kum, Kyzyl-Kum, Gobi, Taklamakan), in the South. Asia (Tar). In the subtropics of the West. Asia — Mediterranean vegetation; in East. Asia — monsoon broad-leaved forests. In the tropical Eastern. and South. Asia — monsoon deciduous forests and savannas, on the windward slopes of the mountains — evergreen forests. In Equatorial latitudes (mainly in Indonesia) stacked swamp forests — gilei.
In Asia — a large part of the Russian Federation, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bahrain, Brunei, Bhutan, Vietnam, Georgia, part of Egypt, Israel, India, Indonesia, Jordan, Iraq, Iran, Yemen, the greater part of Kazakhstan, Cambodia, Qatar, Cyprus, Kyrgyzstan, China, the Democratic people's Republic of, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Pakistan, Palestinian territory (West Bank and Gaza strip), Republic of Korea, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkmenistan, a large part of Turkey, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Japan. The population of Asia St. 3.2 billion people (1990).