The types of temples and temple buildings in Thailand

Very often during the tours, read the tourist information about the sights of Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam , etc. you can find such words as Wat, Prang, Chedi and others. All these words are indicated by different types of temples and temple buildings in their huge variety. What is the meaning of these terms, read on. The information below about the types of temples are partially also applicable for the temples in Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, Malaysia and Indonesia.

Wat (Wat)

Храм Wat Prathat Doi Suthep в Чианг-май Wat Prathat Doi Suthep in Chiang Mai

This is the most common type of temples. More precisely is the temple, which includes not only facilities for parishioners, but also a monastery, school rooms and sports grounds. Sometimes Wat is a complex of religious buildings of different types, combined in one area under one name. You should pay attention to the fact that the term Wat refers to any religious center, and it means that Christian churches, and Muslim mosques can be Wat.

Bot or Ubosot (Bot or Ubosot)

Убосот в серебряном храме в Чианг-мае The silver ubosot in the temple in Chiang Mai

Hall for the priesthood, where the newly made monks take Holy orders and conduct important ceremonies. Despite its importance, the Ubosot is not necessarily the largest building in the temple complex and may not always be open to the public.

In fact, it is assumed that the ubosot had always been closed to women, but nowadays this rule is not required. The Ubosot has at least one Buddha image, making himself similar to the Wiharn. The difference between these two types of temples in the boundary markers (Sema), which may be surrounded by only the Ubosot. Bot may also refer to the Christian Church.

Viharn or Vihara (Bangkok or Wihara)

Вихарн Viharn Phra Mongkol Bopit в Аюттайе Viharn Phra Viharn Mongkol Bopit in Ayutthaya

Vihara is a temple with an important Buddha images, where the laity come to pray. If Wat can be only one ubosot, Bangkok may be several. There are temples (Wat) which consist of only one construction Viharn. Often viharn is the largest and the most visited building on the site.

Chedi, stupa or pagoda (Chedi)

Чеди Phra Chedi Suriyothai в Аюттайе Chedi Phra Chedi Suriyothai at Ayutthaya

Sometimes translated as stupa or even pagoda. Chedi means a dome (bell) tower, which houses the remains of Buddha. It can also be constructed for insertion of the ashes of king or important monk. For those who can afford such a tomb, can also be constructed similar to the reduced square tower. Domed chedi for the first time became popular during the Golden age of Ayutthaya. An illustrative example of such structure can serve as Wat Yai Chai Mongkon.

Prang (Prang)

Руины пранга в храме Wat Phra Ram в Аюттайе Pranga in the ruins of Wat Phra Ram in Ayutthaya

The tower is phallic or "corn". Towers of this type appeared in the Angkor period in Cambodia and has spread further throughout Southeast Asia, and now they are called typically angarskii or Cambodian. Most of them now are ancient monuments, and only a few remained as active places of worship.

Hotri or Mondop (Mondop Ho Trai or)

Мондоп в королевском дворце Бангкока Mondop in the Royal Palace of Bangkok (the building on the right in the photo)

These two terms are commonly translated as "library". Ho Trai is always built on piles over a pond to protect from pests. Mondop is usually square in shape and designed to store Scriptures and special images. Perhaps one of the most outstanding Mondop in Thailand is Saraburi province over the Next Buddha.

Kuti (Kuti)

Кути в храме Wat Phanan Choeng в Аютайе Kuti in Wat Phanan Choeng in Ayutthaya

The temple of all shapes and sizes, which often performs the functions of the monastery has cells for the monks, is called kuti.

The bell tower and the drum tower (or Bell Drum Tower)

Барабанная башня в храме Дои Тунг в провинции Чианг-рай The drum tower in the temple of DOI Tung
in the province of Chiang Rai

In some churches a bell tower for zazywanie believers. However, the drums are used more often than the bell.

Naga (Naga)

Нага (на переднем плане) в храме в провинции Чианг-рай Naga in the temple in the province of Chiang Rai

Naga is a mythical Indian polonoreste-serpent, which, according to legend, protected the Buddha during his meditations. In the conventional version of the legend it was a Cobra, which is often depicted next to the Buddha. In architecture, the Naga is used as decoration stair railing or the roof edges. However, do not confuse Naked with dragons, which are shown in Chinese mythology.

SEMA (Bai Sema or)

Boundary markers in the shape of leaves, always made of stone. Bai, translated from the Thai language means "leaf". Usually such Ubosot surrounded by eight boundary stones, enclosing, therefore, sacred ground of the temple.

Cofah (Chofah)

Chofah is an architectural decoration on the roof of pediment of the temple. In Bangkok and the Central plains these ornaments are in the shape of the head of the antelope or birds.

Sala (Sala)

Usually, it's an outdoor tent or gazebo. As for temples, the Sala can be used as a place for preaching. In this style some built Viharn, one example of which is the Wat Laos Dok in Chiang Mai.

🕒 October 12, 2018

Comments / recent posts on the topic on the forum
Grig-Ka 23 October, 2018
A few photos from the valley of the Small Kalagala... the First day of the hike. Approach to the Shelf. Valley view Small Kalagala. These taiga jungle we have to go through... the Second day of the hike. A small rise in the valley. No trails here, just bear. views of the valley Large Kalagala. On the last day of campaign we have to get out of the valley. Ie, to loop the route... River Small Colegas. There is a small Parking lot on her lunch and stomp on After lunch it started to rain. Lil it until that night... a Fabulous morning. No rain and it's just a holiday! Our Bazaar. Eat Breakfast and move on to 4му lake, the largest on the Small Colerase... the Wilds of Kalagala. The path that is it is not... come to the lake. the Fourth lake. the Upper Small Kalagala. ...
zhanna 23 October, 2018
No. Since October the Islands are closed, no boats, no running hotels, possible storm. Was last year in late September, a couple of days the sea was very restless. ...
dimas_rhymes 23 October, 2018
Hello! Drove for a week in Kharkov in the framework of the travel in Ukraine. This video will tell you what struck me (as a resident of the EU) in the eye. EGIJ8edTADU Thank you for your attention! ...
dragon 23 October, 2018
That's it, that's a good place to start: who, where, where and in what quantity goes. Otherwise, it's a conversation about anything. The situation can be quite different: the cost of rent sometimes exorbitant and sometimes almost zero, can drive one person, maybe five. Someone once a day traveling from the suburbs for one and a half euros, and someone who actively travels around the County. Sometimes, the cost of airport transfers is that it is cheaper to take the car just to make only two trips of 10-15 km to town and back. Another question is whether to bother with this... Not all life situations to contain in a single formula: "public transport is always cheaper". ...
dimas_rhymes 23 October, 2018
And I'm only on the bike and have split, although I admit that a few days started to notice that it is not very convenient :) ...
watchdog 24 October, 2018
MO0y95sPJS0 ...
Putin2017 24 October, 2018 Very old and well-known service reviews on all products, from Bank cards to red Ramen. Just for registering give 50p to the balance, and after 3 reviews, you can also invite friends to bring money sufficient to 150R. The promo code for 50 rubles : I8SFBBJO ...
Bulk 25 October, 2018 Real cashback from the booking! This link - a refund of $25(1700 rubles) when booking hotel $50. --------------------------------------------------------------- This link - return 25 CAD (about 1300 rubles) when booking the hotel from CAD 50. --------------------------------------------------------------- This link - return 1000 RUB when booking the property from 2000 RUB.--------------------------------------------------------------- This link - return 10% (best when booking for large sums) for any reservation. The promotion is valid for both old and new users bо On one account, the booking can only get one payment. Cashback will be credited to the Bank card after check out. Currency of booking can be any. You want the dough to make the bag? Click on the link and all will be OK! The best links in the currency of any! Click on the link, you're cool! --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- a Great offer from airbnb! Sign up to airbnb via this link and get a discount of 30 euros (2100 rubles) for booking of accommodation from 4500 RUB call to Book your discounted villas, rooms, hotels, Let the neighbors are jealous that they didn't. Airbnb is the best way to rent unique accommodation for every budget! ...
Bulk 25 October, 2018 Real cashback from! :Super: Cashback of $25 when booking for $50 :Super: Cashback 25 canadian dollars when booking in the amount of 50CAD :Super: Cashback 1000 rubles when booking for the sum from 2000 roubles :Super: Cashback of 10% of the reservation value to the cashback can be used once per account booking. Currency of booking can be any. Money transferred to the Bank card a few days after the stay at the selected hotel. ...
Bulk 25 October, 2018 a Great offer from airbnb! Sign up to airbnb via this link and get a discount of 30 euros (2100 rubles) for booking of accommodation from 4500 RUB call to Book your discounted villas, rooms, hotels, Let the neighbors are jealous that they didn't. Airbnb is the best way to rent unique accommodation for every budget! ...

Rate the article:
(While estimates no)